Category: Papers

Vicky Prefers Voltaire to Vogue: Obstacles to the Self-actualisation of Gifted Women within Social Systems

Giftedness is characterized by high intellectual capabilities and ambitions, unconventional thinking, and a drive to learn and be creative. We argue that gifted women face specific obstacles that, for many, have precluded their ability to develop their gifts, hindered their educational development and career, and made them feel frustrated and unfulfilled. We analyse testimonies of gifted women that we collected from across the globe to provide concrete evidence of these hurdles, thereby highlighting their struggles, while noting in particular their experiences of shame, guilt, fear and self-doubt. A full understanding of these issues requires a deconstruction of the symbolic paradigm that underpins the social system we live in. As gifted women are by nature drawn to creative, independent, intellectual pursuits, they deviate from the norms imposed by the social system. The resulting negative reactions frequently lead them to believe there is something intrinsically wrong with them. This produces the painful emotion of shame, which potently suppresses self- actualization.

 

Vicky Prefers Voltaire to Vogue:

Obstacles to the Self-actualisation of Gifted Women within
Social Systems
Kate KINGSBURY & Francis HEYLIGHEN

Source: pespmc1.vub.ac.be

Space Debris Removal: Learning to Cooperate and the Price of Anarchy

In this paper we study space debris removal from a game-theoretic perspective. In particular we focus on the question whether and how self-interested agents can cooperate in this dilemma, which resembles a tragedy of the commons scenario. We compare centralised and decentralised solutions and the corresponding price of anarchy, which measures the extent to which competition approximates cooperation. In addition we investigate whether agents can learn optimal strategies by reinforcement learning. To this end, we improve on an existing high fidelity orbital simulator, and use this simulator to obtain a computationally efficient surrogate model that can be used for our subsequent game-theoretic analysis. We study both single- and multi-agent approaches using stochastic (Markov) games and reinforcement learning. The main finding is that the cost of a decentralised, competitive solution can be significant, which should be taken into consideration when forming debris removal strategies.

 

 

Space Debris Removal: Learning to Cooperate and the Price of Anarchy

Richard Klima, Daan Bloembergen, Rahul Savani, Karl Tuyls, Alexander Wittig, Andrei Sapera and Dario Izzo

Front. Robot. AI, 04 June 2018 | https://doi.org/10.3389/frobt.2018.00054

Source: www.frontiersin.org

Multidisciplinary Complex Systems Research: Report from an NSF Workshop (…)

The workshop was motivated by the observation that many processes in natural, engineered, and social contexts exhibit emergent collective behavior and are thus governed by complex systems. Because challenges in understanding, predicting, designing, and controlling complex systems are often common to many domains, a central objective of the workshop was to facilitate the exchange of ideas across different fields and circumvent disciplinary boundaries typical of many traditional scientific meetings. The workshop participants included experts in both theory and applications, as well as a selection of postdoctoral researchers and graduate students from various domains. Because of the cross-disciplinary nature of the workshop, the participants themselves had the opportunity to become aware of the latest developments in fields related to, but different from, their own. The inclusion of early-career researchers will help promote the transfer of this expertise to The environment fostered discussions on the state of the art, potential issues, and most promising directions in multidisciplinary complex systems research.
This report includes outcomes of the workshop that can help inform the scientific community at large of the current status and challenges as well as future opportunities in multidisciplinary complex systems research as perceived by the participants of the workshop.

 

Multidisciplinary Complex Systems Research: Report from an NSF Workshop in May 2017,
Released May 2018, K.A. Gray and A.E. Motter (co-chairs).

Source: dyn.phys.northwestern.edu

From local collective behavior to global migratory patterns in white storks

Soaring migrant birds exploit columns of rising air (thermals) to cover large distances with minimal energy. Using social information while locating thermals may benefit such birds, but examining collective movements in wild migrants has been a major challenge for researchers. We investigated the group movements of a flock of 27 naturally migrating juvenile white storks by using high-resolution GPS and accelerometers. Analyzing individual and group movements on multiple scales revealed that a small number of leaders navigated to and explored thermals, whereas followers benefited from their movements. Despite this benefit, followers often left thermals earlier and at lower height, and consequently they had to flap considerably more. Followers also migrated less far annually than did leaders. We provide insights into the interactions between freely flying social migrants and the costs and benefits of collective movement in natural populations.

From local collective behavior to global migratory patterns in white storks
Andrea Flack, Máté Nagy, Wolfgang Fiedle, Iain D. Couzin, Martin Wikelski

Science 25 May 2018:
Vol. 360, Issue 6391, pp. 911-914
DOI: 10.1126/science.aap7781

Source: science.sciencemag.org