Sustainability and Goal Fitness Index for the Analysis of Sustainable Development Goals: A Methodological Proposal

Sanny González, Gabriel Pereira, and Arturo González

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were adopted in September 2015 by the 193 member states of the United Nations (UN), which include 17 goals, 169 targets and 244 indicators, as an attempt to radically change the approach of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Since the adoption of the 2030 Agenda, the scientific community has increased its interest in the evaluation, analysis, and evaluation of the interrelationships between the SDGs, proposing different approaches and using a diversity of methodological tools for the interactions of the SDGs. This research proposes a methodology that takes advantage of the concepts of Economic Fitness for the creation of a Sustainability Fitness Index (SFI) for the countries and a Goal Fitness Index (GFI) for each SDG. These indices are intended to provide a tool to analyze the interrelationships between the Sustainable Development Goals in such a way that they offer a new approach to address the capacities of the countries and the fulfillment of the SDGs. The results of the SFI are a first attempt to identify development priorities aligned with the SDGs in each country, based on their available productive capacities, which could help make more efficient use of their limited resources and increase the achievement of the SDGs.

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