Basins with Tentacles

Yuanzhao Zhang and Steven H. Strogatz
Phys. Rev. Lett. 127, 194101

To explore basin geometry in high-dimensional dynamical systems, we consider a ring of identical Kuramoto oscillators. Many attractors coexist in this system; each is a twisted periodic orbit characterized by a winding number q, with basin size proportional to e^−(kq^2). We uncover the geometry behind this size distribution and find the basins are octopuslike, with nearly all their volume in the tentacles, not the head of the octopus (the ball-like region close to the attractor). We present a simple geometrical reason why basins with tentacles should be common in high-dimensional systems.

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