SIMON A. LEVIN
In addressing the challenges facing humanity, much can be learned from the evolution of ecological systems. Natural selection has led to mechanisms that confer robustness, or else organisms would not survive to reproduce. At the system level, tight interdependencies have similarly been selected; but the process of transformational evolution, as elucidated by Richard Lewontin (1977), or what Tim Lenton and collaborators (2018) have termed sequential selection, can serve as a filter that ultimately produces more robust systems.
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