Month: May 2018

Complex Networks Winter Workshop

The Complex Networks Winter Workshop (CNWW) is a week-long international school that offers an extraordinary opportunity for participants to engage in rigorous transdisciplinary complexity science research alongside some of the top researchers in the field of networks. The CNWW is designed for graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and professionals.

 

Québec City, Québec, December 15-21, 2018.

Source: vermontcomplexsystems.org

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The Relevance of Informational Infrastructures in Future Cities

Cities around the world are installing digital architectures of sensors, computational cores and telecommunications in the urban fabric, transforming existing infrastructure systems into multi-functional informational and services platforms in the process. The fast pace of digitization is often hard for cities to fathom, many of which are challenged by a silent privatization of the informational value of public spaces and the under-development of the potential of 21st century digital infrastructures due to a mono functional non-inclusive process of design. This is compounded by the power behind large-scale data ecosystems, which when paired with technologies such as machine learning will have profound impact over our future urban services and lifestyles. Cities need to adapt their design mentality and institutional models, but it is through social participation, and open technology standards that true inclusive synthesis of the future digital systems that enable our interactions with cities and allow for the myriad of new services and experiences can be achieved.

 

The Relevance of Informational Infrastructures in Future Cities
Ricardo Alvarez

The Journal of Field Actions

Special Issue 17 | 2017 : Artificial Intelligence and Robotics in the City

Source: journals.openedition.org

Five Principles for Organizing Collective Intelligence

Big Mind is notable for a number of reasons. One of them is that we don’t have a lot of guides for managing and optimizing collective intelligence, in contrast to the shelves and shelves of books describing how to optimize the output of individual brains. Another reason is the five fundamental principles that Mulgan offers, in the excerpt below, in a nuanced answer to the question: “What is it, at the micro and macro levels, that allows collective intelligence to flower?

Source: sloanreview.mit.edu

Featured excerpt from Big Mind: How Collective Intelligence Can Change Our World.

Topography of epithelial–mesenchymal plasticity

Cells can change their phenotype from epithelial to mesenchymal during development and in cancer progression, where this transition is often associated with metastasis and poor disease prognosis. Here we show this process involves the transit through a multitude of metastable hybrid phenotypes in a way that is similar to the driven dynamics of disordered materials. Our method shows that highly aggressive hybrid epithelial/mesenchymal cell phenotypes are located in metastable regions that can easily switch under external and internal perturbations. We propose a general mapping strategy that can be used for other pathways, providing a useful tool to visualize the ever increasing number of gene expression data obtained from single cells and tissues.

 

Topography of epithelial–mesenchymal plasticity
Francesc Font-Clos, Stefano Zapperi, and Caterina A. M. La Porta
PNAS May 21, 2018. 201722609

Source: www.pnas.org