An elementary cellular automaton with memory is a chain of finite state machines (cells) updating their state simultaneously and by the same rule. Each cell updates its current state depending on current states of its immediate neighbours and a certain number of its own past states. Some cell-state transition rules support gliders, compact patterns of non-quiescent states translating along the chain. We present designs of logical gates, including reversible Fredkin gate and controlled NOT gate, implemented via collisions between gliders.
Logical Gates via Gliders Collisions
Genaro J. Martinez, Andrew Adamatzky, Kenichi Morita