Historically, network science focused on static networks, in which nodes are connected by permanent links. However, in networked systems ranging from protein-protein interactions to social networks, links change. Although it might seem that permanent links would make it easier to control a system, Li et al. demonstrate that temporality has advantages in real and simulated networks. Temporal networks can be controlled more efficiently and require less energy than their static counterparts.
The fundamental advantages of temporal networks
A. Li, S. P. Cornelius, Y.-Y. Liu, L. Wang, A.-L. Barabási
Science 24 Nov 2017:
Vol. 358, Issue 6366, pp. 1042-1046