Complexity of lakes in a latitudinal gradient

•The usefulness of quantitative indicators of ecological complexity is evaluated.
•Chaos should not be confused with complexity.
•Light and temperature cause different ranges of complexity in the gradient.
•Homoeostasis variation is related to the seasonal changes and transitions.
•Autopoiesis reveals groups with higher and lower degree of autonomy.


Complexity of lakes in a latitudinal gradient

Nelson Fernández, José Aguilar, C.A. Piña-García, Carlos Gershenson

Ecological Complexity
Volume 31, September 2017, Pages 1–20