Complexity Digest 2005.38
New Web Cast + Podcast :
Complexity, Science & Society Conference 2005
- Sustainable Systems As Organisms?, Biosystems
- Economic Growth And Global Warming: A Model Of Multiple Equilibria And Thresholds, J. Econ. Behav. & Org.
- Learning More Effectively From Experience, Ecol. & Soc.
- Warming World Blamed For More Strong Hurricanes, New Scientist
- Nanotechnology: Nano-Oscillators Get It Together, Nature
- Rice Researchers Gain New Insight Into Nanoscale Optics, EurekAlert
- Genomics: Massively Parallel Sequencing, Nature
- Computers Make Big Strides in Predicting Protein Structure, Howard Hughes Medical Institute news release
- Microbiology: Bacterial Speech Bubbles, Nature
- World Has Slim Chance To Stop Bird Flu Pandemic, Reuters
- Stem Cells Help More Mice Walk, Wired
- Deconstructing Memory In Drosophila, Current Biol.
- Insect Olfaction: A Map Of Smell In The Brain, Current Biol.
- Researchers Create DNA-Based Sensors For Nano-Tongues And Nano-Noses, Innovations-report
- A Sensory Source For Motor Variation, Nature
- Nintendo Plans One-Handed Joypad, BBC News
- Stepping Lightly: New View Of How Human Gaits Conserve Energy, Science News
- Earthquakes: Giant Returns In Time, Nature
- To Escape From Quantum Weirdness, Put the Pedal to the Metal, Science
- The World's 10 Biggest Ideas, New Scientist
- Big Ideas: Chaos, New Scientist
- Authors Hit Google With Copyright Lawsuit, AP/NYTimes
- Intelligence In The Internet Age, NYTimes
- The Ad Industry Turns to the Web to Predict Hits, NY Times
- It's A Whole New Web, Business Week
- Podcasting Profits, vnunet.com
- 'Magic Brush' Paints Visual World, BBC News
- By Hook or by Crook, Surviving Storm, Washington Post
- Mathematician Follows Networks., Nature
- An Honest Victory, NY Times
- Empire of the Sums, The Guardian
- Complex Challenges: Global Terrorist Network
- Commission Presents Comprehensive Counter-Terrorism Packag, European Commission Press Release
- U.N. Warns Of 'Third Generation' Terrorists, Associated Press/ Corvallis Gazette-Times
- New Techniques Aim to Thwart Terrorists, Science
- Links & Snippets
- Other Publications
- Webcast Announcements
- Conference Announcements
- Call for Papers
Sustainable Systems As Organisms?, Biosystems
Excerpts: Schrödinger (...) marvelled at how the organism is able to use metabolic energy to maintain and even increase its organisation, which could not be understood in terms of classical statistical thermodynamics. (...) The healthy organism excels in maintaining its organisation and keeping away from thermodynamic equilibrium - death by another name - and in reproducing and providing for future generations. In those respects, it is the ideal sustainable system. We propose therefore to explore the common features between organisms and ecosystems, to see how far we can analyse sustainable systems in agriculture, ecology and economics as organisms, (...).
- Source: Sustainable Systems As Organisms?
[ http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T2K-4GGXXFY-2&_user=10&_handle=V-WA-A-W-AW-MsSAYZW-UUA-U-AAWEBYDZDZ-AAWZEZYVDZ-BVAVZBYVY-AW-U&_fmt=summary&_coverDate=10%2F31%2F2005&_rdoc=6&_orig=browse&_srch=%23toc%234921%232005%23999179998%23606000!&_cdi=4921&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=649442dad3ba723b5a5ef27bf7fd293c ], M.-W. Ho - m.w.hoi-sis.org.uk, R. Ulanowicz - ulancbl.umces.edu, DOI: 10.1016/j.biosystems.2005.05.009, Biosystems, Oct. 2005, Online 2005/06/27
- Contributed by Pritha Das - prithadas01yahoo.com
Economic Growth And Global Warming: A Model Of Multiple Equilibria And Thresholds, J. Econ. Behav. & Org.
Abstract: We presume a simple endogenous growth model where global warming affects economic growth and analyze the dynamics of the competitive economy and of the social optimum. Our regulatory instrument is an emission tax rate. We demonstrate that for certain values of the emission tax ratio the competitive economy exhibits multiple equilibria and a threshold may exist that separates the domains of attraction for the growth paths. There exist paths to high growth rates and low temperature and low growth rates and high temperature. For the planner's problem the long-run equilibrium is unique unless the damage of global warming is very small.
- Source: Economic Growth And Global Warming: A Model Of Multiple Equilibria And Thresholds
[ http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6V8F-4G7JXJG-1&_user=10&_handle=V-WA-A-W-AU-MsSAYWA-UUW-U-AAWEVWWUDY-AAWDUUWYDY-BVBUAWEBD-AU-U&_fmt=summary&_coverDate=08%2F31%2F2005&_rdoc=5&_orig=browse&_srch=%23toc%235869%232005%23999429995%23606303!&_cdi=5869&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=212dcb220ce1dcdbbe03f3c7af30af17 ], A. Greiner - agreinerwiwi.uni-bielefeld.de, W. Semmler, DOI: 10.1016/j.jebo.2005.04.007, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Aug. 2005, online 2005/05/23
- Contributed by Pritha Das - prithadas01yahoo.com
Learning More Effectively From Experience, Ecol. & Soc.
Excerpts: Developing the capacity for individuals to learn effectively from their experiences is an important part of building the knowledge and skills in organizations to do good adaptive management. This paper reviews some of the research from cognitive psychology and phenomenography to present a way of thinking about learning to assist individuals to make better use of their personal experiences to develop understanding of environmental systems. We suggest that adaptive expertise (an individual's ability to deal flexibly with new situations) is particularly relevant for environmental researchers and practitioners. (...)
- Source: Learning More Effectively From Experience
[ http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol10/iss2/art4/ ], I. Fazey, J. A. Fazey, D. M. A. Fazey, Ecology and Society, 10(2):4, 2005
- Contributed by Pritha Das - prithadas01yahoo.com
Warming World Blamed For More Strong Hurricanes, New Scientist
Excerpts: A massive global increase in the number of strong hurricanes over the past 35 years is being blamed on global warming, by the most detailed study yet. (...) Katrina-strength hurricanes could become the norm.
Worldwide since the 1970s, there has been a near-doubling in the number of Category 4 and 5 storms - the strength that saw Hurricane Katrina do such damage to the US Gulf coastline late in August 2005.
(...) trend is global, has lasted over several decades and is connected to a steady worldwide increase in tropical sea temperatures.
- Source: Warming World Blamed For More Strong Hurricanes
[ http://www.newscientist.com/article.ns?id=dn8002 ], Fred Pearce, New Scientist, 05/09/15
Nanotechnology: Nano-Oscillators Get It Together, Nature
Excerpts: The output power of a single device is small (...), but connecting two or more phase-locked devices together could quickly increase the output to a useful level of the order of microwatts or even milliwatts at gigahertz frequencies. The radiation pattern produced by an array of oscillators vibrating in phase is highly directional, making them useful as beam-steering devices in wireless communications - as either transmitters or receivers. Before such a device can be used on the nanoscale, however, phase-locking among many nano-oscillators must be demonstrated.
- Source: Nanotechnology: Nano-Oscillators Get It Together
[ http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v437/n7057/full/437325a.html ], Pritiraj Mohanty, DOI: 10.1038/437325a, Nature 437, 325-326, 05/09/15
Rice Researchers Gain New Insight Into Nanoscale Optics, EurekAlert
Excerpts: "We've discovered a universal relationship between the behavior of light and electrons," (...). "We believe the relationship can be exploited to create nanoscale antennae that convert light into broadband electrical signals capable of carrying approximately 1 million times more data than existing interconnects."
(...) scattering of atoms off surfaces and the behavior of quantum devices, can be understood as wavelike electrons interacting with discrete, localized electrons. Now, Rice researchers have discovered and demonstrated a simple geometry where light behaves exactly as electrons do in these systems.
- Source: Rice Researchers Gain New Insight Into Nanoscale Optics
[ http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2005-09/ru-rrg091405.php ], EurekAlert, 05/09/14
Genomics: Massively Parallel Sequencing, Nature
Excerpts: A sequencing system has been developed that can read 25 million bases of genetic code - the entire genome of some fungi - within four hours. The technique may provide an alternative approach to DNA sequencing.
Since the publication of the first complete genome sequence of a living organism1 in 1995, the field of genomics has changed dramatically. Fuelled by innovations in high-throughput DNA sequencing, high-performance computing and bioinformatics, genomic science has expanded substantially and the rate of genomic discovery has grown exponentially.
- Source: Genomics: Massively Parallel Sequencing
[ http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v437/n7057/full/437326a.html ], Yu-Hui Rogers, J. Craig Venter, DOI: 10.1038/437326a, Nature 437, 326-327, 05/09/15
Excerpts: Computers can predict the detailed structure of small proteins nearly as well as experimental methods, at least some of the time (...).
(...) provide a glimmer of hope that scientists eventually may be able to determine the structure of proteins from their genomic sequences, a problem that has seemed insurmountable.
"For more than 40 years, people have known the amino acid sequence of a protein specifies its three-dimensional structure, but no one has been able to translate the sequence into an accurate structure," (...).
- Source: Computers Make Big Strides in Predicting Protein Structure
[ http://www.hhmi.org/news/baker4.html ], Howard Hughes Medical Institute news release, 05/09/16
Microbiology: Bacterial Speech Bubbles, Nature
Excerpts: Many bacteria socialize using diffusible signals. But some of these messages are poorly soluble, so how do they move between bacteria? It seems they can be wrapped up in membrane packages instead.
(...) unexpected convergence of two seemingly unrelated areas of microbiological research: how bacteria talk to their friends, and how they attack their enemies. (...) The surprise is that, rather than being secreted as single molecules, PQS is released in bubble-like 'vesicles' that also contain antibacterial agents and probably toxins aimed at host tissue cells as well.
- Source: Microbiology: Bacterial Speech Bubbles
[ http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v437/n7057/full/437330a.html ], Stephen C. Winans, DOI: 10.1038/437330a, Nature 437, 330, 05/09/15
World Has Slim Chance To Stop Bird Flu Pandemic, Reuters
Excerpts: The initial outbreak of a bird flu pandemic may not be very contagious, affecting only a few people, giving the world just weeks to contain the deadly virus before it spreads and kills millions. But the chance of containment is limited as the pandemic may not be detected until it has already spread to several countries, like the SARS virus in 2003, and avian flu vaccines developed in advance will have little impact on the pandemic virus.
- Source: World Has Slim Chance To Stop Bird Flu Pandemic
[ http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/SYD202011.htm ], Reuters, 05/09/20
Stem Cells Help More Mice Walk, Wired
Excerpts: Injections of human stem cells seem to directly repair some of the damage caused by spinal cord injury, according to research that helped partially paralyzed mice walk again. (...)
(...), suggesting the connections that the stem cells form to help bridge the damaged spinal cord are key to recovery.Surprisingly, they didn't just form new nerve cells. They also formed cells that create the biological insulation that nerve fibers need to communicate. A number of neurological diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, involve loss of that insulation, called myelin.
- Source: Stem Cells Help More Mice Walk
[ http://www.wired.com/news/medtech/0,1286,68913,00.html ], Wired News/Associated Press, 05/09/19
Deconstructing Memory In Drosophila, Current Biol.
Excerpts: Unlike most organ systems, which have evolved to maintain homeostasis, the brain has been selected to sense and adapt to environmental stimuli by constantly altering interactions in a gene network that functions within a larger neural network. This unique feature of the central nervous system provides a remarkable plasticity of behavior, but also makes experimental investigations challenging. (...) The evolutionary conservation of behavioral phenotype and the underlying gene function ensures that much of what we learn in such model systems will be relevant to human cognition. In this (...) we have tried to discuss particular findings that provide some level of intellectual synthesis (...).
- Source: Deconstructing Memory In Drosophila
[ http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6VRT-4H21R5P-M&_coverDate=09%2F06%2F2005&_alid=313852312&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_qd=1&_cdi=6243&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=2bcec8e86d49ad6d244b7fd60bc7aece ], C. Margulies, T. Tully, J. Dubnau, DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2005.08.024, Current Biology, Sep. 2005, online 2005/09/06
- Contributed by Atin Das - dasatinyahoo.co.in
Insect Olfaction: A Map Of Smell In The Brain, Current Biol.
Abstract: Humans use three classes of photoreceptor to span the visible spectrum, but smell relies on hundreds of distinct classes of olfactory receptor neuron. Even the simple fruitfly has around 50 classes of olfactory receptor neuron. Two new studies map the projections of the great majority of these neurons into stereotyped positions in the fly brain, giving us an almost complete atlas of olfactory information transfer.
- Source: Insect Olfaction: A Map Of Smell In The Brain
[ http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6VRT-4H21R5P-G&_coverDate=09%2F06%2F2005&_alid=313852142&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_qd=1&_cdi=6243&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=1d0c2ae2a314c9bd23c522a85d25d2a7 ], G. S. X. E. Jefferis, DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2005.08.033, Current Biology, Sep. 2005, online 2005/09/06
- Contributed by Atin Das - dasatinyahoo.co.in
Researchers Create DNA-Based Sensors For Nano-Tongues And Nano-Noses, Innovations-report
Excerpts: Nano-sized carbon tubes coated with strands of DNA can create tiny sensors with abilities to detect odors and tastes, (...). According to the researchers, arrays of these nanosensors could detect molecules on the order of one part per million, akin to finding a one-second play amid 278 hours of baseball footage (...). In the report, the researchers tested the nanosensors on five different chemical odorants, including methanol and dinitrotoluene, or DNT, a common chemical that is also frequently a component of military-grade explosives. The nanosensors could sniff molecules out of the air or taste them in a liquid, (...).
- Source: Researchers Create DNA-Based Sensors For Nano-Tongues And Nano-Noses
[ http://www.innovations-report.com/html/reports/physics_astronomy/report-49364.html ], Innovations-report & University of Pennsylvania, 2005/09/16
- Contributed by Atin Das - dasatinyahoo.co.in
A Sensory Source For Motor Variation, Nature
Excerpts: Suppose that the variability in our movements is caused not by noise in the motor system itself, nor by fluctuations in our intentions or plans, but rather by errors in our sensory estimates of the external parameters that define the appropriate action. (...), nearly 92% of the variance in eye trajectory can be accounted for as a consequence of errors in sensory estimates of the speed, direction and timing of target motion, plus a small background noise that is observed both during eye movements and during fixations.
- Source: A Sensory Source For Motor Variation
[ http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v437/n7057/full/nature03961.html ], Leslie C. Osborne, Stephen G. Lisberger, William Bialek, DOI: 10.1038/nature03961, Nature 437, 412-416, 05/09/15
Nintendo Plans One-Handed Joypad, BBC News
Nintendo has unveiled the controller for its new Revolution game console. In a demonstration at the Tokyo Game Show, Nintendo boss Satoru Iwata showed off a wireless controller that closely resembled a TV remote control. Motion sensors on the controller translate its movements into game action, allowing it to be used as a virtual sword, baseball bat or racket. (...)
The controller aims to be just like a TV remote
The wireless sensor-studded controller is a break with the past because before now most game consoles have used a two-handed device studded with buttons. Although the Revolution's controllers are public, Nintendo has yet to reveal details about the console's hardware.
- Source: Nintendo Plans One-Handed Joypad
[ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/technology/4251720.stm ], BBC News, 05/09/16
Stepping Lightly: New View Of How Human Gaits Conserve Energy, Science News
Excerpts: Using a simple mathematical model, scientists may have pinpointed the key aspects of human locomotion that make ordinary walking and running the most energy-efficient ways for people to get around on foot. See also:
We use computer optimization to find which gaits are indeed energetically optimal for this model. At low speeds, the optimization discovers the classic inverted-pendulum walk. At high speeds, it discovers a bouncing run, even without springs. And at intermediate speeds, it finds a new pendular-running gait that includes walking and running as extreme cases.
Computer Optimization Of A Minimal Biped Model Discovers Walking And Running,
Manoj Srinivasan , Andy Ruina, Cornell Preprint, 05/07/19
- Source: Stepping Lightly: New View Of How Human Gaits Conserve Energy
[ http://www.sciencenews.org/articles/20050917/toc.asp ], Science News, 05/09/17
- AUDIO - Audible Format
[ http://www.audible.com/sciencenews/ ]
Earthquakes: Giant Returns In Time, Nature
Excerpts: The behaviour of a seismic fault in Chile seemed to confound predictions of how often giant earthquakes should recur. (...)
In May 1960, south-central Chile experienced a huge earthquake, the largest since instrument records began. (...) But this giant seismic event has long puzzled seismologists, because the energy released by the earthquake should have taken several centuries to build up, (...).
Yet the immediately preceding events are historically documented as occurring not only in 1575, which would fit expectations, but also in 1737 and 1837.
- Source: Earthquakes: Giant Returns In Time
[ http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v437/n7057/full/437329a.html ], Sergio Barrientos, DOI: 10.1038/437329a, Nature 437, 329, 05/09/15
To Escape From Quantum Weirdness, Put the Pedal to the Metal, Science
Excerpts: Acceleration unravels a weird connection between widely separated particles known as "entanglement," physicists calculate. The finding hints at a deeper connection between quantum mechanics and gravity. The result is surprising because it means that whether two particles are entangled depends on the motion of the observer, says Samuel Braunstein, a theorist at the University of York, U.K. An observer who is not accelerating may find that two particles are entangled, whereas an observer who is accelerating will find that the same particles are not.
- Source: To Escape From Quantum Weirdness, Put the Pedal to the Metal
[ http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/309/5742/1801a ], Adrian Cho, Science: 1801, 05/09/16
The World's 10 Biggest Ideas, New Scientist
Excerpts: Certain questions define the way we see the world. How did the universe begin? What is matter made of? What shaped our planet? How did the amazing diversity of life arise? We take many of the answers for granted, but maybe we shouldn't.
Set your mind spinning with our guide to the World's 10 Biggest Ideas...
- The big bang
- Quantum mechanics
- The theory of everything
- Climate change
- Source: The World's 10 Biggest Ideas
[ http://www.newscientist.com/channel/fundamentals/mg18725171.300 ], NewScientist.com news service, 05/09/17
Excerpts: Scientists were probably the last people to find out about chaos. Everyone knows our lives are chaotic and unpredictable in the long run. Benjamin Franklin wrote the famous lines: "For the want of a nail, the shoe was lost; for the want of a shoe the horse was lost; and for the want of a horse the rider was lost, being overtaken and slain by the enemy, all for the want of care about a horseshoe nail."
- Source: Big Ideas: Chaos
[ http://www.newscientist.com/channel/opinion/mg18725171.900 ], James Yorke, New Scientist, 05/09/17
Authors Hit Google With Copyright Lawsuit, AP/NYTimes
Excerpts: An organization of more than 8,000 authors accused Google Inc. Tuesday of ''massive copyright infringement,'' saying the powerful Internet search engine cannot put its books in the public domain for commercial use without permission.
''The authors' works are contained in certain public and university libraries and have not been licensed for commercial use,'' (...).
''Despite this knowledge, Google has unlawfully reproduced the works and has announced plans to reproduce and display the works without the copyright holders' authorization,'' the lawsuit said.
- Source: Authors Hit Google With Copyright Lawsuit
[ http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/technology/AP-Google-Scanning-Books.html ], AP/NYTimes, 05/09/19
Intelligence In The Internet Age, NYTimes
Excerpts: What's undeniable is the Internet's democratization of information. (...)
Nearly a century ago, Henry Ford didn't have the Internet, but he did have a bunch of smart guys. The auto industry pioneer, as a parlor trick, liked to claim he could answer any question in 30 minutes. In fact, he had organized a research staff he could call at any time to get him the answer.
Today, you don't have to be an auto baron to feign that kind of knowledge. You just have to be able to type G-O-O-G-L-E.
- Source: Intelligence In The Internet Age
[ http://www.nytimes.com/cnet/CNET_2100-11395_3-5869719.html ], Stefanie Olsen, NYTimes, 05/09/19
The Ad Industry Turns to the Web to Predict Hits, NY Times
Excerpts: A year ago, executives at the media-buying agency Initiative Media, conducting what they called a buzz survey to try to determine which network television series had a chance to break out as the new season commenced, stumbled on some data that left them scratching their heads.
A new series the executives had all expected would have little chance of success - because it was an intense drama, scheduled at the early hour of 8 p.m., on a network nobody much was watching anyway(...)
- Source: The Ad Industry Turns to the Web to Predict Hits
[ http://www.nytimes.com/2005/09/19/business/media/19adcol.html??th&emc=th ], Bill Carter, NYTimes, 05/09/19
Excerpts: And this time around it will be built by you
Daneane Gallardo doesn't just surf the World Wide Web. She lives on it. Every day, she wraps herself in her own personal electronic cocoon of e-mail groups, instant messaging, blogging, creating Web sites for indie musicians, and much more. "Tomorrow I'll try something new," says Gallardo, a former Borders Inc. (BGP ) bookstore manager who coordinates Web site development work at software startup Indimensions Systems Inc. in Kitchener, Ont. "I stopped watching TV a month and a half ago. If I didn't have to eat, pee, and have sex, probably I'd have no need for the 3-D world."
- Source: It's A Whole New Web
[ http://businessweek.com/print/magazine/content/05_39/b3952401.htm?chan=gl ], Business Week, 05/09/20
Excerpts: (...) Many media organizations, such as the New York Times and ESPN, have podcasts. IBM (nyse: IBM - news - people ) is using podcasts for its online seminars. There are even books on the topic. (...) Why is podcasting so popular? First, podcasts make it possible for time-shifting. (...) a user can listen to what they want whenever they want. Next, there is what Williams calls the "long tail." That is, because it is relatively easy to distribute podcasts, there is a tremendous amount of variety in content. Example: There are pastors using podcasts for parishioners that miss service. (...)
- Source: Podcasting Profits: Podcasting Has Quickly Become A Red-Hot Sector
[ http://www.vnunet.com/forbes/news/2142308/podcasting-profits ], T. Taulli, vnunet.com, 2005/09/14
- Contributed by Atin Das - dasatinyahoo.co.in
'Magic Brush' Paints Visual World, BBC News
Excerpts: The I/O Brush, developed at the MIT Media Lab, picks up colors and textures from the environment and allows for painting with them on a large digital screen. At the tip of the brush is a tiny video camera enclosed by a ring-shaped brush. LEDs are used for illumination and pressure sensors trigger image capture of one frame in the normal mode,...
- Source: 'Magic Brush' Paints Visual World
[ http://www.kurzweilai.net/email/newsRedirect.html?newsID=4854&m=642 ], BBC News, 05/09/15
By Hook or by Crook, Surviving Storm, Washington Post
Excerpts: Hurricane Katrina has transformed Mississippi's mayors into car thieves, and senators into blockade runners. Isolated by the initial hit of the storm and failed by the slow federal response, citizens have fended for themselves in some original and not entirely legal ways. Brent...
- Source: By Hook or by Crook, Surviving Storm
[ http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/09/18/AR2005091801397.html ], Sally Jenkins, The Washington Post, 05/09/18
Mathematician Follows Networks., Nature
Excerpts: Barabasi decided to devote his full attention to networks, even though he lacked both funding and tenure. He credits this bold move with his ultimate success. "I thought this is going to be more important than anything I've done before, I can't do it half-hearted or half-brained," he says.
Now Barabasi has his eyes on the next challenge: a theory of complexity. "I believe that if there will be a theory of complexity it will emerge in the next ten years," he says. "How do I position myself to contribute to that goal?"
- Source: Mathematician Follows Networks.
[ http://www.nature.com/naturejobs/2005/050915/full/nj7057-448a.html ], DOI: 10.1038/nj7057-448a, Nature 437, 448, 05/09
An Honest Victory, NY Times
Excerpts: Authority can be delegated; responsibility cannot. President Bush's speech last week accepting responsibility for the federal government's slow response to Hurricane Katrina was commendable, if overdue. Though it has been derided by some as political expediency, the president's acknowledgment was a necessary first step in rebuilding the Gulf Coast and preparing for the next disaster.
This new transparency, however, shouldn't stop with Hurricane Katrina. Consider the positive effects that would follow a similar presidential assumption of responsibility for American missteps in Iraq.
- Source: An Honest Victory
[ http://www.nytimes.com/2005/09/20/opinion/20fick.html?th&emc=th ], Nathaniel Fick, NYTimes, 05/09/20
Excerpt: In September, ecologist Peter Turchin of the University of Connecticut publishes War and Peace and War, a book in which he explains much of pre-industrial world history with his bold and controversial theory of the rise and fall of empires, using the same kind of maths that Turchin has used previously to study ecosystems.
Turchin believes that history can indeed be a science, with laws as inexorable as the law of gravity. He claims to have found the general mechanisms that cause empires to wax and wane - laws as true today as they were during the Roman or Ottoman Empires. According to this view, the world order is in a state of perpetual change and the global powers today will inevitably be replaced in the coming centuries.
See Also: Cliodynamics
- Source: Empire of the Sums
[ http://www.guardian.co.uk/life/feature/story/0,13026,1555330,00.html ], Phillip Ball, The Guardian, 2005/08/25
Complex Challenges: Global Terrorist Network
Excerpts: Consistent with its all-inclusive and balanced approach in the fight against terrorism, the Commission today presented a comprehensive package of four initiatives, namely: a proposal for a directive on the retention of communications traffic data; a financial decision allocating 7 Mio£á for a pilot-project in the field of prevention, preparedness and response to terrorist attacks; a proposal for a decision authorizing the signature of the Council of Europe's Convention on money laundering and terrorism financing; a Communication on ¡§Terrorist recruitment: addressing the factors contributing to violent radicalisation¡¨.
- Source: Commission Presents Comprehensive Counter-Terrorism Packag
[ http://europa.eu.int/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/05/1166&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en ], European Commission Press Release, 05/09/21
Excerpts: Al-Qaida has spawned a so-called "third generation'' of followers skilled in urban warfare and suicide bombings and U.N. sanctions need to be updated to keep up with the changing tactics, a report warned Tuesday.??The committee monitoring sanctions against the terror network and the Taliban said the arms embargo, travel ban and assets freeze have been effective but "the combination of sanctions has still not achieved its full potential.''
"Al-Qaida continues to evolve and adapt to the pressures and opportunities of the world around it (?).
- Source: U.N. Warns Of 'Third Generation' Terrorists
[ http://www.gazettetimes.com/articles/2005/09/21/news/nation/wednat10.txt ], Kim Gamel, Associated Press/ Corvallis Gazette-Times, 05/09/21
New Techniques Aim to Thwart Terrorists, Science
Excerpts: Submillimeter (or terahertz) waves, familiar to radio astronomers, generate a spectrum when they interact with a material. They can also be transmitted farther than millimeter waves can. By harnessing those properties, Barat's group hopes to design scanners that would be capable of detecting weapons and bombs carried by a terrorist more than 5 meters away. The method "has the potential of not only showing the presence of a hidden substance but also of identifying the substance based on a transmission or reflection spectrum," (...).
- Source: New Techniques Aim to Thwart Terrorists
[ http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/309/5742/1810b ], Yudhijit Bhattacharjee, Science : 1810-1811, 05/09/16
Links & Snippets
- Integration And Implementation Sciences: Building A New Specialization, G. Bammer, 10(2):6, 2005, Ecology and Society
- Self-Organizing Social Hierarchies in a Timid Society, Takashi Odagaki, Masaru Tsujiguchi, 2005/08/26, arXiv, DOI: physics/0508194
- New Techniques Study The Brain's Chemistry, Neuron By Neuron, 2005/09/12, ScienceDaily & University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
- Brain Size And Resource Specialization Predict Long-Term Population Trends In British Birds, S. Shultz, R. B. Bradbury, K. L. Evans, R. D. Gregory, T. M. Blackburn, 2005/09/13, Proceedings: Biological Sciences, DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2005.3250
- Modelling Information Exchange In Worker-Queen Conflict Over Sex Allocation, I. Pen, P. D. Taylor, 2005/09/14, Proceedings: Biological Sciences, DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2005.3234
- Odour Concentration Affects Odour Identity In Honeybees, G. A. Wright, M. G. A. Thomson, B. H. Smith, 2005/09/14, Proceedings: Biological Sciences, DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2005.3252
- Intel Boosts R&D Efforts In China: Chip Giant To Create 1,000 New Jobs In Shanghai Facility, R. Jaques, 2005/09/15, vnunet.com
- Do Unprofitable Prey Evolve Traits That Profitable Prey Find Difficult To Exploit?, T. N. Sherratt, D. W. Franks, 2005/09/15, Proceedings: Biological Sciences, DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2005.3229
- Men Who Lose Social Status Much More Likely To Suffer Depression Than Women, 2005/09/15, ScienceDaily & University of Newcastle upon Tyne
- Study Charts Origins Of Fear, 2005/09/16, Innovations-report & University of Toronto
- Internet-based Stroke Exam Speeds Treatment In Rural Areas, 2005/09/16, ScienceDaily & Medical College of Georgia
- Adolescents And Young Adults With Alcohol-use Disorders Have A Smaller Prefrontal Cortex, 2005/09/16, ScienceDaily & Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
- Extending The Input-Output Model With Assets, X. Chen, J.-e Guo, C. Yang, Jun. 2005, Economic Systems Research, DOI: 10.1080/09535310500115074
- Toward A Theory Of Evolutionary Computation, E. Eberbach - eeberbachumassd.edu, Oct. 2005, Online 2005/08/15, Biosystems, DOI: 10.1016/j.biosystems.2005.05.006
- Synaptic Mechanisms Of Associative Memory In The Amygdala, S. Maren - marenumich.edu, Sep. 2005, Neuron
- The Development Of Neuronal Morphology In Insects, W. B. Grueber, C.-H. Yang, B. Ye, Y. Nung, Sep. 2005, online 2005/09/06, Current Biology, DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2005.08.023
ECAL 2005 - VIIIth European Conference on Artificial Life,
Canterbury, Kent, UK 2005/09/5-9
T. Irene Sanders, Executive Director and Founder, The Washington Center for Complexity & Public Policy, 05/08/27, QuickTime video (10:38 min), Podcast
- North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity 2005 Conference, Virtual Conference Network, St. Pete's Beach, Florida, 05/06/09-11
- Understanding Complex Systems - Computational Complexity and Bioinformatics, Virtual Conference Network, Urbana-Champaign, Il, UIUC, 05/05/16-19
- Nonlinearity, Fluctuations, and Complexity, with a celebration of the 65th birthday of Gregoire Nicolis. , Complexity Session, Universite' Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium, 05/03/16
- World Economic Forum , Davos, Switzerland, 05/01/26-30
1st European Conference on Complex Systems, Torino, Italy, 04/12/5-7
From Autopoiesis to Neurophenomenology: A Tribute to Francisco Varela (1946-2001), Paris, France, 2004/06/18-20
Evolutionary Epistemology, Language, and Culture, Brussels, Belgium, 04/05/26-28
International Conference on Complex Systems 2004, Boston, 04/05/16-21
Nonlinear Dynamics And Chaos: Lab Demonstrations, Strogatz, Steven H., Internet-First University Press, 1994
- CERN Webcast Service, Streamed videos of Archived Lectures and Live Events
- Dean LeBaron's Archive of Daily Video Commentary, Ongoing Since February 1998
- Edge Videos
- 2005 World Exposition
"Nature's Wisdom", Aichi, Japan, 05/03/25-09/25
Online Course in Evolutionary Computation, U Hawaii Outreach College, 05/09/12-11/19
2005 Simulation Interoperability Workshop (SIW), Orlando, Florida, 05/09/18-23
- Dynamics Of Socio-Economic Systems: A Physics Perspective,
Physics Center Bad Honnef, Germany, 05/09/18-24
18th International Conference on Noise and Fluctuations (ICNF 2005), Salamanca, Spain, 05/09/19-23
Illuminating the Shadow of the Future: Scientific Prediction and the Human Condition, Ann Arbor, MI , 05/09/23 - 25
Genomics in Context,
University of Exeter, UK, 05/09/28-30
Intl Master of Science in Complexity And Its Interdisciplinary Applications, Academic Year 2005-2006 deadline for applications 05/09/30
CSDS-2005 Intl Conf on Control And Synchronization Of Dynamical Systems , Leon, Guanajuato, MEXICO, 05/10/04-07
2005 Wolfram Technology Conference, Champaign,
NetLogo Workshop at Agent 2005, Chicago, Il, 05/10/10-12
Traffic and Granular Flow, Berlin, Germany, 05/10/10-12
- Intl Congress of Nanotechnology 2005, San Francisco, USA, 05/10/31-11/04
Adaptive And Resilient Computing Security Workshop, Santa Fe, NM, 05/11/02-03
An Afternoon with Michael Crichton At The Smithsonian Institution In Collaboration with The Washington Center for Complexity and Public Policy,
Washington, DC, 05/11/06
5th Intl Workshop on Meta-synthesis and Complex System,
(MCS'05 is also as a symposium of
the 1st World Congress of International Federation for Systems Research)
- European Conference on Complex Systems, Paris, France, 05/11/14-18
Econophysics Colloquium, Canberra (ANU), 05/11/14-18
3rd International Complexity Science and Educational Research Conference, Robert, Louisiana, 05/11/20-22, see also: Complicity: An International Journal of Complexity and Education, Inaugural issue - Free Online Access
Systems Thinking and Complexity Science: Insights for Action, , 11th Ann ANZSYS Conf/Managing the Complex V
Christchurch, New Zealand, 05/12/05-07
- 2005 International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Security (CIS'2005), Hong Kong, China, 05/12/15-19
3rd Biennial Seminar on the Philosophical, Methodological, and Epistemological Implications of Complexity Theory, Havana, Cuba, 06/01/09-12
The Second International Workshop on Biologically Inspired
Approaches to Advanced Information Technology , Senri Life Science Center, Osaka, Japan, 06/01/26-27
Intl Wkshp and Sem, Dynamics on Complex Networks and Applications, Dresden, Germany, 06/02/06-03/03
- FRACTAL 2006 Complexity and Fractals in Nature, 9th Intl Multidisciplinary Conf, Vienna, Austria, 06/02/12-15
- 18th European Meetings on Cybernetics and Systems Research (EMCSR), Vienna, Austria, 06/04/18-21
5th Intl Joint Conf on Autonomous Agents And Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2006)
Future University, Hakodate, Japan, )6/05/08-12
- Alife X - The 10th Intl Conf on the Simulation and Synthesis of Living Systems,Bloomington, Indiana, 06/06/03-07
Intl. Conference on Complex Systems Boston, MA, 06/06/25-30
NKS 2006: The Wolfram Science Conference, Washington, D.C., 06/06/15-18
50th Anniversary Summit of AI, Monte Verita, Switzerland, 06/07/09-14
World Conference on Social Simulation (WCSS-06) , Kyoto, Japan, 06/08/21-25
Call for Papers
- Special Issue of
E:CO (Emergence, Complexity and Organization): Complexity and Narrative,
Submit an abstract (< 1000 words) to Ken Baskin (email@example.com), David Boje (firstname.lastname@example.org) and Kurt Richardson (email@example.com), 05/09/21
- Transdisciplinary Journal Launched:
Journal of Research Practice (JRP)
JRP is an international refereed journal with a transdisciplinary focus, available in the open access mode, i.e., available free of charge to the readers. The journal is supported by a consortium of institutions drawn from different parts of the world. It is published electronically by the International Consortium for the Advancement in Academic Publication (ICAAP).
You are invited to join this global initiative to develop research practice and promote research education around the world.