Complexity Digest 2004.06 - 15.01
Feb. 09, 2004
Reciprocity, Normative Reputation, and the Development of Mutual Obligation in Gift-Giving Societies, JASSS
Abstract: Discrete agent simulation was used to study the role of reciprocity and normative reputation in the development of mutual obligation in gift-giving societies. Measures of economic and non-economic rewards were tracked over many generations of agents acting within a fixed environment and according to a constant behavioral rule set. Communicating normative reputation enabled potential victims to avoid theft without the necessity of personally experiencing the character of every agent. It also optimized mutual obligation among agents, even among aggressive agents. These results are discussed in the context of theories of positive and negative reciprocity and are related to observations of some hunter-gatherer societies.
- Source: Reciprocity, Normative Reputation, and the Development of Mutual Obligation in Gift-Giving Societies
[ http://jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/7/1/5.html ], Stephen Younger, JASSS 7(1), 2004-01-31