Macroeconomists Showed Why Good Intentions Go Wrong, Science
Excerpts: Inflation and unemployment often fluctuated out of control, and occasionally a government's well intentioned actions would make matters worse. (...) For example, in the late 1970s, inflation and unemployment rose dramatically at the same time- something that the Keynesian picture forbids. (...)
(...) showed that governments have trouble committing to a policy; this lack of commitment leads to a credibility problem, which, in turn, can lead to an undesirable outcome. "The effect of a tax cut today depends on whether people think it is permanent or just temporary,"(...).
A Marketplace in the Brain?, Science Now
Excerpts: There are a number of studies that investigate violations of rationality in human decision making. One important violation that is repeatedly observed is a tendency to discount expected outcomes proportionate to their delay. This results in a systematic inconsistency of preference over time.(...)
The dominant theory in the behavioral sciences has been that normal people discount the option of a delayed reward according to an exponential curve, that is, by a constant percentage per unit time. This exponential curve is similar to that used by financial markets (...).
A Group Decision Support Approach To Evaluating Journals, Infor. & Manag.
Excerpts: One of the most important decisions made in academic institutions, research organizations, and government agencies is the grading or ranking of journals for their academic values. Current methods for evaluating journals use either a subjective (e.g., experts' judgments on journals) or objective approach (e.g., impact factors of journals), (...). This paper presents a formal procedure that integrates objective and subjective judgments to provide a comprehensive method. The procedure is based on a fuzzy set approach that deals with the imprecise and missing information inherent in the evaluation process. The system was tested in Hong Kong in an assessment of faculty research productivity. (...)
The Importance Of Biodiversity To Global Food Security, FAO Newsroom
Excerpts: ¡§Biological diversity is one of the keys to ending world hunger (...).¡¨
"Our planet abounds with life and it is this great diversity that holds one of the keys to ending hunger,"(...).
The Treaty, which entered into force this year, is a binding international instrument that secures the conservation and sustainable utilization of the world's agricultural genetic diversity. It guarantees that farmers and breeders have access to genetic materials they need and it also ensures that farmers receive a fair and equitable share of the benefits derived from their work.
Change And Stability In Children's Social Network And Self-Perceptions, Int. Behav. Dev.
Excerpts: This study examined the changes in children's social network and specific self-perceptions during the transition from elementary school to junior high school (JHS). The participants were 200 preadolescent children (104 girls, 96 boys). Children's self-perceptions (global self-worth, perceived academic competence, and perceived social acceptance) and social network characteristics (parents and peer-enacted support) were evaluated four consecutive times over a 2-year period. Despite a slight decrease in the size of children's social network after the transition, the passage into JHS had no negative impact on the quality and functional aspects of their relationships with parents and school friends. (...)
Extracting The Trajectory Of Writing Brush In Chinese Character Calligraphy, Engg. Appl. Arti. Intell.
Excerpts: This paper describes the extraction of the trajectory of the writing brush in Chinese character calligraphy (CCC), based on image and curve processing techniques and the calligraphy knowledge. This trajectory is used in a CCC robot which is developed to inherit CCC techniques. (...) Firstly, for a given Chinese character, its image patterns in block style are retrieved from CCC database which contains 29,456 characters written by different famous calligraphers in Chinese history. (...) The trajectory and the pressure control information are sent to the CCC robot to imitate calligrapher's behavior. The experiment results show that the proposed method obtains very good trajectories (...).
Neuroscience and Neuroethics, Science
Excerpts: Finally, special issues arise when we penetrate into the philosophical territory where dualists and determinists debate over free will. As we learn more about the neurobiology of choice and decision, will we reach a point at which we feel less free? Perhaps more important for society, will we eventually know enough to change our view about individual responsibility for antisocial acts? There are those who worry about this. (...) seems so unlikely to me that our knowledge of the brain will deepen enough to fuse it with the mind.
Neuroeconomics: The Consilience of Brain and Decision, Science
Excerpts: Economics, psychology, and neuroscience are converging today into a single, unified discipline with the ultimate aim of providing a single, general theory of human behavior. This is the emerging field of neuroeconomics in which consilience, the accordance of two or more inductions drawn from different groups of phenomena, seems to be operating. (...) The goal of this discipline is thus to understand the processes that connect sensation and action by revealing the neurobiological mechanisms by which decisions are made. This review describes recent developments in neuroeconomics (...).
Paralysed Man Sends E-Mail By Thought, Nature News
The device can tap into a hundred neurons at a time, and is the most sophisticated such implant tested in humans so far.(...)
Controlling objects with thought is becoming a reality.
In June 2004, surgeons implanted a device containing 100 electrodes into the motor cortex of a 24-year-old quadriplegic. (...) Each electrode taps into a neuron (...).
The BrainGate allowed the patient to control a computer or television using his mind, even when doing other things at the same time. Researchers report for example that he could control his television while talking and moving his head.
Learning Languages 'Boosts Brain', BBC News
They found learning other languages altered grey matter - the area of the brain which processes information - in the same way exercise builds muscles.
Learning languages enhances the brain, scientists believe
People who learned a second language at a younger age were also more likely to have more advanced grey matter than those who learned later, the team said. (...)
The scans revealed the density of the grey matter in the left inferior parietal cortex of the brain was greater in bilinguals than in those without a second language.
Educating Via Analyses Of Science In Movies And TV, Science News
To counter the inaccuracies underlying The Day after Tomorrow, Weaver and his colleague Claude Hillaire-Marcel of the University of Quebec in Montreal used computer models to analyze today's climate in terms of what's known about global cooling in the past.
Spinning Wheel. Visual clues in 2001: A Space Odyssey enable students to calculate the artificial gravity along the space station's inner rim, a phenomenon depicted accurately in the film. NASA
Without a doubt, abrupt climate change has occurred-but it was abrupt in terms of decades, not weeks. For example, a few times during Earth's history, the onset of cooling seems to have been triggered by immense surges of glacial meltwater into the North Atlantic (...).
Under the Surface, the Brain Seethes With Undiscovered Activity, Rochester News
Excerpts: There's an old myth that we only use 10 percent of our brains, but researchers at the University of Rochester have found in reality that roughly 80 percent of our cognitive power may be cranking away on tasks completely unknown to us. Curiously, this clandestine activity does not exist in the youngest brains, leading scientists to believe that the mysterious goings-on that absorb the majority of our minds are dedicated to subconsciously reprocessing our initial thoughts and experiences. (...)
"(...) very basis of comprehending vision may be a very different task for young brains versus old brains."
Hearing Better In The Dark: Blindness Fuels Ability To Place Distant Sounds, Science News
Excerpts: New evidence indicates that blind people estimate the locations of distant sounds more accurately than sighted people do, even if sight loss didn't occur until adolescence or young adulthood.
Embryonic Stem Cells Correct Congenital Heart Defect in Mouse Embryos
Excerpts: Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center researchers have discovered a previously unsuspected capacity of embryonic stem cells to influence neighboring defective cells and restore their capacity to function normally. Fifteen embryonic stem cells were injected into early embryos of mice whose hearts were genetically predisposed to develop a lethal...
Disease Backs Cancer Origin Theory, Science
Excerpts: In 1914, German biologist Theodor Boveri noticed that the cancer cells he was studying contained an abnormal number of chromosomes, a state called aneuploidy. The observation led him to postulate that the condition was a root cause of cancer. But as researchers began to discover that mutations in specific oncogenes and tumor-suppressor genes were enough to set cancer in motion, the aneuploidy theory fell out of fashion. Now it's back, thanks to a series of studies in the mid-1990s on the larger issue of genomic instability.
New Method Identifies Chromosome Changes in Malignant Cells, KurzweilAI.net
Excerpts: Princeton scientists have invented a fast and reliable method for identifying alterations to chromosomes that occur when cells become malignant. It quickly analyzes an entire genome and produces a reliable list of chromosome sections that have been either deleted or added. The technique helps to show how cells modify their own genetic makeup...
Chromosome Instability Tied to Cancer, Science Now
Almost all cancer cells have gained or lost entire chromosomes. Despite the genetic turmoil this causes, scientists have disagreed for nearly a century about whether this abnormality and other types of genomic instability are the starting gun for cancer or merely collateral damage. A study published online 10 October in Nature Genetics provides the strongest evidence yet for the starting gun theory by showing that mutations in a gene involved in ensuring proper numbers of chromosomes result in childhood cancer.
Wrong number. The abnormal number of chromosomes seen in this individual may give clues to the origins of cancer.
CREDIT: SANDRA HANKS
Centenarian Clams Cut Calories, Science Now
A long-lived clam that inhabited the waters of Antarctica 45 million years ago may provide further evidence for the virtues of a calorie-restricted diet. In a study published in the October issue of Geology, researchers suggest that a shortage of food helped the fist-sized clam Cucullaea raea survive for up to 120 years, making it one of the longest-lived animals known. The findings challenge the prevailing explanation for bivalve longevity, and they may provide clues about which factors extend life spans for all animals.
Half shell. This cross section of a Cucullaea raea clam reveals dark growth bands in the shell linked to age.
CREDIT: DEVIN BUICK
Why Beavers Survived In The 19th Century, Alphagalileo
Excerpts: Russian scientists give an explanation for the wonder of beaver survival throughout the 19th century, when these animals were badly endangered and lived in conditions that would be fatal for another mammalian species. A population of beavers can survive, if it includes only three animals living together. Such a small size of viable population is explained by the genetic adaptation of beavers to inbreeding. Beaver genome and behaviour account for an outstanding viability of this species (...). Beavers have a rather puritan character: as distinct from other mammalian species, they don't give way to promiscuity, but live as couples and even families. (...).
Global Amphibians In Deep Trouble, BBC News
They say as many as 122 species may have become extinct since 1980 and a third of known amphibians face oblivion.
Almost 6,000 amphibian species are known to science
Naturalists describe the creatures as sensitive indicators of the health of the wider environment.(...)
"This study significantly expands our current knowledge and provides a baseline from which we can monitor our impact on the environment over time.
"The fact that one third of amphibians are in a precipitous decline tells us that we are rapidly moving towards a potentially epidemic number of extinctions."
Giant Virus Sequenced, Science Now
Excerpts: The DNA of the world's largest known virus contains a surprising collection of genes previously thought to exist only in bacteria and other living cells. This discovery further blurs the line between complex molecules and living organisms, the researchers report. Published online 14 October in Science, the study may also help to answer questions about how complex organisms first evolved on Earth.(...)
The DNA contains some 1260 genes, 50 of which code for functions never before seen in viruses, including DNA repair and translating mRNA into protein.
Recombination Dramatically Speeds Up Evolution of Finite Populations, arXiv
Abstract: We study the role of recombination, as practiced by genetically-competent bacteria, in speeding up Darwinian evolution. This is done by adding a new process to a previously-studied Markov model of evolution on a smooth fitness landscape; this new process allows alleles to be exchanged with those in the surrounding medium. Our results, both numerical and analytic, indicate that for a wide range of intermediate population sizes, recombination dramatically speeds up the evolutionary advance.
Trash To Treasure: Junk DNA Influences Eggs, Early Embryos, Science News
Excerpts: A type of DNA once thought to be little more than genetic clutter may play a role in gene expression in mammalian eggs and newly formed embryos.
With Few Suppliers of Flu Shots, Shortage Was Long in Making, NY Times
Excerpts: In particular, public health experts have long cautioned against the country's dependence on a few vaccine makers, and yet this has become standard practice. There are now only two major manufacturers for the nation's supply of flu vaccine, and at least a half-dozen other vaccines are made by single suppliers. Britain, by contrast, has spread its order for flu vaccines among five suppliers, precisely to avoid the kind of predicament America now faces.
In recent years there have been many significant disruptions of vaccine supplies.
People Are Human-Bacteria Hybrid, Wired
Excerpts: Most of the cells in your body are not your own, nor are they even human. They are bacterial. From the invisible strands of fungi (...), to the kilogram of bacterial matter in our guts, we are best viewed as walking "superorganisms," highly complex conglomerations of human, fungal, bacterial and viral cells.(...)
Understanding the workings of the superorganism, they say, is crucial to the development of personalized medicine and health care in the future because individuals can have very different responses to drugs, depending on their microbial fauna.
Google Search Becomes Personal, BBC News
Excerpts: The net giant has released a preliminary version of a desktop program that will search computer hard drives, as well as the web.
"We think of this as the photographic memory of your computer," (...).
Others like Microsoft and Apple are planning similar search tools to find information buried in a hard drive.
Search is becoming an increasingly competitive and lucrative arena.
If there's anything you once saw on your computer screen, we think you should be able to find it again quickly
Abstract: Marketing by e-mail has become a key channel of communication for many businesses across the UK. But the level of government and industry regulation has greatly increased in recent years in this area, creating what many businesses now regard as an overly complex patchwork of rules and standards. This paper sets out the basic rules in this area and suggests a number of practical compliance measures.
Excerpts: Researchers (...) have found a way to make flexible, transparent films of single-walled carbon nanotubes that have a maximum amount of contact between nanotubes within the film, which makes the film a good electrical conductor. (...)
The researchers made the films by suspending nanotubes in liquid, filtering them out using a membrane, then dissolving the membrane. The films have consistent thicknesses that can be controlled with nanoscale precision, according to the researchers. They have made films as large as 10 centimeters in diameter and 50 to 150 nanometers thick.
Water Filters Rely on Nanotech, Wired
Excerpts: A slow, methodical transformation of the $400-billion-a-year water-management industry is currently in progress, and nanotechnology appears to be leading the way.
Water covers more than 70 percent of the Earth, but only 1 percent can be consumed without processing, filtering or melting polar ice caps. That supply appears to be dwindling as the global population grows and industry and agriculture require more and more water.
Last week the NanoWater congress met in Amsterdam to discuss how nanotechnology applications can help solve the world's water shortage.
Some Assembly Required
The patterns arising from self-assembly are ubiquitous in nature, from the opalescent inner surface of the abalone shell to the internal compartments of a living cell. (...)
We are on the verge of a materials revolution in which entirely new classes of "supermolecules" and particles will be designed and fabricated with desired features, including programmable instructions for assembly. These new building blocks will be the "atoms" and "molecules" of tomorrow's materials, self-assembling into novel structures made possible solely by their unique design.
Change In The Weather? Wind Farms Might Affect Local Climates, Science News
The simulation suggests that during the day, while sun-induced convection handily mixes the lower layers of the atmosphere, such a wind farm wouldn't have important climatic effects.
Weather Makers. Large-scale wind farms can increase wind speed, temperature, and evaporation at ground level, a new analysis suggests.
In predawn hours, however, when the atmosphere typically is less turbulent, a large windmill array could influence the local climate. (...) Adding the wind farm would increase the average wind speed to 5 m/s. Also, the 10,000 windmills would increase the temperature across the area by about 2°C for several hours.
Development of "Artificial Retina", DOE Press Release
Excerpt: In an effort to speed the design and development of an artificial retina that could potentially help millions of people blinded by retinal diseases, Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham announced today that five Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories, a private company and three universities have signed agreements to form a research partnership.
The goal of the agreements signed today is to advance the science, technology and clinical success of the field of artificial sight using the facilities and resources of DOE's national laboratories.
Low Overhead Self-checking Combinatorial and Sequential Circuits Designed by Evolution, CSRP
Abstract: Evolutionary techniques are applied to the design of self-checking digital circuits in simulation. For the combinational and sequential benchmarks attempted, evolved designs are totally self-checking with respect to single stuck-at faults in mission logic, have no latency and use significantly less resources than hand-designed equivalents. The approach can be extended to evolve fail-safe circuits, analog self-test, and self-checking checkers under multiple faults.
Purdue Professor Puts New Spin On Quantum Computer Technology, Purdue News
Purdue University physicists have built a critical component for the development of quantum computers and spintronic devices, potentially bringing advances in cryptography and high-speed database searches a step closer.
A team of researchers including Leonid P. Rokhinson has created a device that can effectively split a stream of quantum objects such as electrons into two streams according to the spin of each, herding those with "up" spin in one direction and corralling those that spin "down" in another.
Editor's Note: One of the main advantages of spintronics is that one doesn't have to displace electrons just to flip bits (or "phits"). This design uses spins only to change the momentum of moving electrons; maybe this direction does not really solve the problem with Moore's law?
Super Slow Light May Help Speed Optical Communications, NIST Tech Beat
Light is so fast that it takes less than 2 seconds to travel from the Earth to the moon. This blazing fast speed is what makes the Internet and other complex communications systems possible. But sometimes light needs to be slowed down so that signals can be routed in the right direction and order, converted from one form to another or synchronized properly.
Light waves that travel very slowly without distortion could eventually help simplify and reduce the cost of high-speed optical communications.
Now, physicists (...) have proposed a new way to slow light down to almost one-millionth its usual speed-to the mere speed of a jet aircraft.
Puppet Government, 'South Park' Creators' Left Jab at Jingoism May Backfire, Washington Post
Excerpts: Parker and Stone's new offensive blast, "Team America: World Police," is a profane and sometimes bitingly funny sociopolitical-musical-action-adventurical story, told entirely with clumsy marionettes (and two kittens) performing in a 1/3-scale, post-9/11 world.
The movie -- shot in the manner of those short-lived, 1960s-style Saturday-morning puppet melodramas -- is a testament to the deeply dissociative powers of American entertainment consumers: Whatever anxieties and tragic losses have been caused by terrorists, it's all a big joke here.
Excerpts: Earlier this week former employees of Sproul & Associates (operating under the name Voters Outreach of America), a firm hired by the Republican National Committee to register voters, told a Nevada TV station that their supervisors systematically tore up Democratic registrations.
(...) Officials have begun a criminal investigation into reports of similar actions by Sproul in Oregon.
Republicans claim, of course, that they did nothing wrong - and that besides, Democrats do it, too. But there haven't been any comparably credible accusations against Democratic voter-registration organizations.
Excerpts: Adding an element of competition to opinion polls may elicit more truthful According to Drazen Prelec of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the key idea is to introduce an element of competition--to turn the poll into a game. Besides asking participants to name their favorite movie, the pollster would ask them to predict the outcome of the poll. Each respondent would then receive a score that factored in the accuracy of their forecast and the "informativeness" of their response to their first question.
(...) in this game, the optimal strategy is always to say what you really believe.
The Great American E-Voting Experiment, New Scientist
US election trouble spots
Supreme Court Orders Review of Texas Districts, NPR ATC
Excerpts: The Supreme Court sends a controversial case back to a lower court. Justices ordered a three-judge panel to reconsider last year's bitterly fought Texas congressional redistricting, which some feel benefits Republicans. Hear NPR's Melissa Block.
Spy Chiefs Say Cooperation Should Begin at the Bottom, NY Times
Excerpts: Three of the nation's top spymasters in the Bush administration told a meeting of satellite builders on Wednesday that the way to defend the United States against terrorist attacks was not to reshuffle the top management but to improve cooperation among rank-and-file analysts, spies, investigators and military officers.
"Speed and agility are the key to the war on terrorism, not more levels of bureaucracy in Washington," said George J. Tenet, who resigned as director of central intelligence in July, after seven years in the post.
Broad Use of Harsh Tactics Is Described at Cuba Base, NY Times
Excerpts: Many detainees at Guantánamo Bay were regularly subjected to harsh and coercive treatment, (...).
David Sheffer, (...) who teaches law at George Washington University, said the procedure of shackling prisoners to the floor in a state of undress while playing loud music - (...) - and lights clearly constituted torture. "I don't think there's any question that treatment of that character satisfies the severe pain and suffering requirement, be it physical or mental, that is provided for in the Convention Against Torture,'' Mr. Sheffer said.
Complex Challenges: Global Terroist Networks
Saudis Blame U.S. and Its Role in Iraq for Rise of Terror, NY Times
Excerpts: But when insurgents beheaded an American engineer, (...), they said it was in revenge for "what thousands of Muslims taste every day because of the fire from the American Apache" helicopter.(...)
"We are grateful to the United States; most of us were educated there," said Prince al-Shafi. He and others said Saudis are picking other countries for their children now because of their anger, and because of the immigration obstacles they believe they and other Arabs face traveling to the United States since 9/11.
Looting Targeted Iraq's Nuclear Equipment, NPR ME
Excerpts: According to an International Atomic Energy Agency report, equipment that could be used to make atomic weapons vanished in targeted looting at the beginning of the Iraq war. The IAEA routinely visited nuclear-related facilities in Iraq before the war, but the interim administration there has not yet invited the IAEA back to resume inspections. Hear NPR's Mike Shuster.
Pentagon: Ex-Detainees Return to Terror
Excerpts: Despite gaining their freedom by signing pledges to renounce violence, at least seven former prisoners of the United States at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, have returned to terrorism, at times with deadly consequences.
At least two are believed to have died in fighting in Afghanistan, and a third was recaptured during a raid of a suspected training camp in Afghanistan, Lt. Cmdr. Flex Plexico, a Pentagon spokesman, said last week. Others are at large.
Additional former detainees have expressed a desire to rejoin the fight, (...).
The G7, International Terrorism And Domestic Politics: Modeling Policy Cohesion In Response To Systemic Disturbance, Int. Interactions
Abstract: This work probes the variability in G7 cohesion in response to relatively new disturbances in the international system. Using a domestic politics model, we argue that G7 cohesion weakens in the face of international terrorism in the context of variable domestic consequences to common foreign policy responses to this systemic disturbance. We compare the predictions from our model with predictions stemming from neorealist and liberal/institutionalist explanations. We find that, consistent with the domestic politics explanation, G7 foreign policy cohesion declines as internal terrorism increases.
University Of Florida Researchers Shine Light On New Explosives Detection Method, ScienceDaily
Excerpts: A team of University of Florida researchers has invented a way to rapidly detect traces of TNT or other hidden explosives (...). The method uses photoluminescence spectroscopy, a technique that casts light on a material and measures the range and intensity of the wavelengths of light the material produces in response. The wavelength of the emitted light varies depending on the chemical structure of the material (...). "Once you shine a laser at the sample, the laser then re-emits (it) at specific wavelengths that are different for each material -- it's a kind of a fingerprint."
Links & Snippets
- Quasiscarred Resonances in a Spiral-Shaped Microcavity, Soo-Young Lee, Sunghwan Rim, Jung-Wan Ryu, Tae-Yoon Kwon, Muhan Choi, Chil-Min Kim,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 164102 (2004)
Calculated field intensity plot of a "quasiscarred" resonance in a spiral-shaped dielectric microcavity. Unlike the scarred resonances which occur in many different chaotic systems, here there is no unstable periodic orbit underlying the pattern of localization.
- Curry Cover-Up Unraveled, Brain study hints at why some spices mask the smell of rotting food
- Two Clocks Keep Flies' Time, Separate cellular clocks control morning and evening activity
- Cave Fish Go Blind on Purpose, Loss of eyesight isn't an accident--it's part of the plan
- Plankton Share the Spectrum, Diversity thrives when species use different wavelengths for photosynthesis
- Cosmic Symmetry-breaking, Bifurcation, Fractality and Biogenesis, Chris King, 04/09, NeuroQuantology
- Implications of Gödel's Incompleteness Theorem on A.I. vs. Mind, 04/09, Fatih GELGI, NeuroQuantology
- Emergence and Organization Towards a Taxonomy of Organizing Relations, Stephen Jones, 04/09, NeuroQuantology
- Geographical Coarse Graining of Complex Networks, Beom Jun Kim, 04/10/13, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 168701
- Inaccessibility in Online Learning of Recurrent Neural Networks, Asaki Saito, Makoto Taiji, Takashi Ikegami, 04/10/15, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 168101 , DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.93.168101
- U.S. Hits Debt Limit After Senators Put Off Raising Ceiling , Jonathan Weisman, 04/10/15, Washington Post. Leaders Promise Action After Election; Snow Withholds Contributions to Federal Pension Plan
- Neuroscience: Higher Brain Functions, Peter Stern, Gilbert Chin, John Travis, 04/10/15, Science : 431
- Behavioral Neuroscience Uncaged, Greg Miller, 04/10/15, Science : 432-434
- Language and the Origin of Numerical Concepts, Rochel Gelman, C. R. Gallistel, 04/10/15, Science : 441-443
- The Role of the Medial Frontal Cortex in Cognitive Control, K. Richard Ridderinkhof, Markus Ullsperger, Eveline A. Crone, Sander Nieuwenhuis, 04/10/15, Science : 443-447
- Mars Rovers: New Evidence Of Past Water, 04/10/16, Science News, Twin rovers on opposite sides of the Red Planet have found additional evidence that liquid water once flowed there.
- A.M. And P.M. Clocks: Fruit Fly Brain Has Double Timekeepers, 04/10/16, Science News, Two research teams have pinpointed one group of fly-brain neurons keeping time for morning activity and a different neuron group performing the same function for evening activity.
- F.C.C. Clears Internet Access by Power Lines, Stephen Labaton, 04/10/17, NYTimes, The F.C.C. adopted rules that will enable utility companies to offer an alternative to broadband services provided by cable and phone companies.
- Manjul Bhargava: An Artist of Music and Math , 04/10/18, NPR ME, Number theory expert Manjul Bhargava is also a master of Indian drumming. He sees close links between his two loves -- both connect seemingly random ideas to create beauty.
- Why Rocks Curl, 2004/10/05, ScienceDaily
- Recursive Self-organizing Network Models, Barbara Hammer, Alessio Micheli, Alessandro Sperduti, Marc Strickert, 2004/10/09, Neural Networks, Article in Press, Corrected Proof, DOI: 10.1016/j.neunet.2004.06.009
- Evidence For Maternally Inherited Factors Favouring Male Homosexuality And Promoting Female Fecundity, F. Corna, A. C.-Ciani, C. Capiluppi, 2004/10/11, Alphagalileo & Proc. B (Biological Sciences)
- Sexual Selection, Natural Selection And The Evolution Of Dimorphic Coloration And Ornamentation In Agamid Lizards, D. M. S.-Fox, T. J. Ord, 2004/10/11, Alphagalileo & Proc. B (Biological Sciences)
- Generation Cycles In Indonesian Lady Beetle Populations May Occur As A Result Of Cannibalism, K. Nakamura, N. Hasan, I. Abbas, H. C. J. Godfray, M. B. Bonsall, 2004/10/11, Alphagalileo & Biology Letters
- Eastern Europeans Happy And Unhappy With Democracy, J. Westlin - jorgen.westlinadm.oru.se, 2004/10/12, Alphagalileo
- A Step Towards Unraveling The Genetic Pathways Of Left-Right Body Asymmetry, A. Coutinho - acoutinigc.gulbenkian.pt, 2004/10/12, Alphagalileo
- Component Of Volcanic Gas May Have Played A Significant Role In The Origins Of Life On Earth, 2004/10/12, ScienceDaily & Scripps Research Institute
- HIV in Monkeys 'Blocked by Drug', 2004/10/14, BBC News
- Imaging Studies Clarify Brain Changes Associated With Language Deficits In Autism, 2004/10/14, ScienceDaily & Massachusetts General Hospital
- Security Under the Skin, Sean Coughlan, 2004/10/15, BBC News
- Self-Monitoring Query Execution For Adaptive Query Processing, A. Gounaris - gounariscs.man.ac.uk, N. W. Paton, firstname.lastname@example.org, A. A. A. Fernandes - alvarocs.man.ac.uk, R. Sakellariou - rizoscs.man.ac.uk, Dec. 2004, Online 2004/06/11, Data & Knowledge Engineering, DOI: 10.1016/j.datak.2004.05.002
- Measuring National Power, K. Kadera, G. Sorokin, Jul.-Sep. 2004, International Interactions, DOI: 10.1080/03050620490492097
- How Different Feature Spaces May Be Represented In Cortical Maps, N.V. Swindale, Nov. 2004, Network: Computation in Neural Systems, DOI: 10.1088/0954-898X/15/4/001
- Mental State Expressions In US And Japanese Children's Books, J. D.-Seymour, M. Shatz, H. Wellman, M. Saito, Nov. 2004, International Journal of Behavioral Development, DOI: 10.1080/01650250444000261
- On The Political Economy Of Immigration And Income Redistribution, J. Dolmas, G. W. Huffman, Nov. 2004, International Economic Review, DOI: 10.1111/j.0020-6598.2004.00300.x
- Reading Outside The Library: How The Internet Has Affected Reading In China, H. Qunqing - qqh21hotmail.com, Sep. 2004, Information Development, DOI: 10.1177/0266666904046825
- Complex Environments, Complex Behaviour, M.J. Aitkenhead - m.aitkenheadmacaulay.ac.uk, A. J. S. McDonald, Sep. 2004, online 2004/10/12, Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, DOI: 10.1016/j.engappai.2004.08.006
- ALife 9: Ninth International Conference on Artificial Life, Boston, MA, 04/09/12-15
The 4th Intl Workshop on Meta-synthesis and Complex System, Beijing, China, 04/07/22-23
Intl Conf on Complex Networks: Structure, Function and Processes, Kolkata, India, 04/06/27-30
From Autopoiesis to Neurophenomenology: A Tribute to Francisco Varela (1946-2001), Paris, France, 2004/06/18-20
ECC8 Experimental Chaos Conference, Florence, Italy,
Evolutionary Epistemology, Language, and Culture, Brussels, Belgium, 04/05/26-28
International Conference on Complex Systems 2004, Boston, 04/05/16-21
Life, a Nobel Story, Brussels, Belgium, 04/04/28
Nonlinear Dynamics and Statistical Mechanics Days, Brussels, Belgium, 04/04/26-27
Science Education Forum for Chinese Language Culture, Panel Discussion, Taipei, Taiwan, 04/05/01
Biologically Inspired Approaches to Advanced Information Technology, , Lausanne,Switzerland, 04/01/29-30
Nonlinear Dynamics And Chaos: Lab Demonstrations, Strogatz, Steven H., Internet-First University Press, 1994
- World Economic Forum 2004, Davos, Switzerland
- Riding the Next Democratic Wave, Al-Thani, Khan, Vike-Freiberga, Wade, Soros, Zakaria, World Economic Forum, 04/01/25
- The Future of Global Interdependence, Kharrazi, Held, Owens, Shourie, Annan, Martin, Schwab, World Economic Forum, 04/01/25
- Why Victory Against Terrorism Demands Shared Values
- CODIS 2004, International Conference On Communications, Devices And Intelligent Systems, 2004 Calcutta, India, 04/01/09-10
- EVOLVABILITY & INTERACTION: Evolutionary Substrates of Communication, Signaling, and Perception in the Dynamics of Social Complexity, London, UK, 03/10/08-10
- The Semantic Web and Language Technology - Its Po tential and Practicalities, Bucharest, Romania, 03/07/28-08/08
- ECAL 2003, 7th European Conference on Artificial Life, Dortmund, Germany, 03/09/14-17
- New Santa Fe Institute President About His Vision for SFI's Future Role, (Video, Santa Fe, NM, 03/06/04)
- SPIE's 1st Intl Symp on Fluctuations and Noise, Santa Fe, NM, 2003/06/01-04
- NAS Sackler Colloquium on Mapping Knowledge Domains, Video/Audio Report, 03/05/11
- 13th Ann Intl Conf, Soc f Chaos Theory in Psych & Life Sciences, Boston, MA, USA, 2003/08/08-10
- CERN Webcast Service, Streamed videos of Archived Lectures and Live Events
- Dean LeBaron's Archive of Daily Video Commentary, Ongoing Since February 1998
- Edge Videos
Conference & Call for Papers Announcements
- Social and Organizational Innovation, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 04/10/25-27
- 6th Intl Conf on Electronic Commerce
ICEC'2004: Towards A New Services Landscape, Delft, The Netherlands, 04/10/25-27
- Complexity and Philosophy Workshop - 2-Day Conference , Rio de Janeiro, 04/11
ICDM '04: The Fourth IEEE Intl Conf on Data Mining, Brighton, UK, 04/11/01-04
International Congress of Nanotechnology and Nano World Expo,San Francisco, CA, 04/11/07-11
- Denaturing Darwin: International Conference on Evolution and Organization
, Amersfoort, The Netherlands, 04/11/12-14
An Introduction to Complexity Science, Rockville, MD USA, 04/12/06
Improving Health of the Chronically Ill: Insights from Complexity Science, Rockville, MD USA, 04/12/07-08
- The 7th Asia-Pacific Complex Systems Conference, Queensland, Australia, 04/12/06-10
- 17th Australian Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Queensland, Australia, 04/12/06-10
- Cellular Computing Symposium, U Warwick
- International Conference On Computational Intelligence (Icci 2004) , Istanbul, Turkey, 04/12/15-17
- Kondratieff Waves, Warfare And World Security, NATO Advanced Research Workshop
, Covilh? Portugal, 05/02/14-17
- 2005 Meeting Arbeitskreis
Physik sozio-ökonomischer Systeme, AKSOE (Socio-Economic-Physics), Physik seit Einstein,
Berlin, Germany, 05/03/04-09
5th Creativity And Cognition Conference, London.UK, 05/04/12-15
Social Intelligence and Interaction in Animals, Robots and Agents, Hatfield, UK, 05/04/12-15
IEEE Swarm Intelligence Symposium
Pasadena, California, USA, 05/06/08-10
- Powders & Grains 2005, Stuttgart, Germany, 05/06/18-22
- Workshop on Complexity and Policy Analysis, Cork, Ireland, 05/06/22-24
- ECAL 2005 - VIIIth European Conference on Artificial Life, Canterbury, Kent, UK, 05/09/05-09
Complexity, Science and Society Conf 2005, Liverpool, UK, 05/09/11-14
18th International Conference on Noise and Fluctuations (ICNF 2005), Salamanca, Spain, 05/09/19-23