The Symposium 'Life, a Nobel Story' was organized by the Biotech Section of the Royal Flemish Chemical Society
Vivienne Parry moderated the symposium. The quality of the full talk audio recordings is low due to the size of the auditorium. We provide as well the audio of a round table where Ehud Shapiro, Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, Sidney Altman, Kary Mullis, and Richard Roberts gave summaries of their current research and answered few questions.
Sidney Altman, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1989. Current Research Overview Video. Opinions on Proteomics and on Human Cloning, Video.
Note: Audio files are in downloadable mp3 format for portable mp3 players or any mp3 software players. Video files are in asf format and can be played e.g. with windows media player. For the sound codec a (free) plugin might be required, but the download should be automatic.
Is U.S. Science Dominance Fading?, Star-Telegram.com
Excerpts: The United States has started to lose its worldwide dominance in crucial areas of science and innovation, according to federal and private experts who point to evidence like prizes awarded to Americans and the number of papers in major professional journals.
Foreign advances in basic science now often match or exceed America's, apparently with little public awareness of the trend or its implications for jobs, industry, national security and the vigor of U.S. intellectual and cultural life.
"The rest of the world is catching up,"(...)
A Look at the State of U.S. Science, NPR Audio
Excerpts: Is the United States falling behind in science?
Losing Our Technical Dominance, NY Times
Excerpts: The United States remains the pre-eminent scientific and technological power in the world, but there are signs that it is losing ground to foreign competitors. (...) Still, the situation in the United States is worrisome. Fewer and fewer young Americans seem interested in technical careers, and fewer young foreigners will be arriving to take their places. If this trend is not reversed, the pool of trained scientists and engineers in this country will shrink, and the shortfalls may harm economic growth and the technical underpinnings of national security.
Toward a New Policy for Scientific and Technical Communication: the Case of Kyrgyz Republic, arXiv
Abstract: The objective of this policy paper is to formulate a new policy in the field of scientific and technical information (STI) in Kyrgyz Republic in the light of emergence and rapid development of electronic scientific communication. The major problem with communication in science in the Republic is lack of adequate access to information by scientists. An equally serious problem is poor visibility of research conducted in Kyrgyzstan and, as consequence, negligible research impact on academic society globally. The paper proposes an integrated approach to formulation of a new STI policy based on a number of policy components: telecommunication networks, computerization, STI systems, legislation & standards, and education & trainings. Two alternatives were considered: electronic vs. paper-based scientific communication and development of the national STI system vs. cross-national virtual collaboration. The study results in suggesting a number of policy recommendations for identified stakeholders.
Facing the Global Water Crisis, The Scientist
As water becomes more scarce, it fuels international conflicts. Twenty-two countries depend upon water that flows through river systems that begin in other countries. Many of these are located in flashpoint regions such as the Indian subcontinent, the Middle East, and sub-Saharan Africa. (...)
DRY EARTH: A woman sits on the ancient steps that once led down to Lake Rajsamand near Udaipur, India. The lake dried up in 2000 due to drainage of its feeder rivers for agricultural purposes and drought.
Photo by Roger Lemoyne/Liaison
Global warming adds another layer of complexity to the equation. If the world's temperature rises, ice caps holding more than half of the world's fresh water will melt, making estuaries flood and rainfall patterns more erratic.
Super Organics, Wired
Excerpts: Forget Frankenfruit - the new-and-improved flavor of gene science is Earth-friendly and all-natural. Welcome to the golden age of smart breeding. (...)
By crossbreeding beefsteak tomatoes, Kedar had arrived at a savory, high-yield fruit that would ripen on the vine and remain firm in transit. (...) The vine-ripened hybrid, now grown and sold worldwide under several brand names, owes its existence to Kedar's knowledge of the tomato genome. He didn't use genetic engineering. His fruit emerged from a process that's both more sophisticated and far less controversial.
Economic Scene - How Much Does Information Technology Matter?, NY Times
Excerpts: In 2003, the Harvard Business Review published an article titled "IT Doesn't Matter." The debate still rages.
At one time, information technology was so expensive and so difficult to manage that companies could make large amounts of money simply by being able to make systems work. (Think I.B.M.)
According to Nicholas G. Carr, knowing how to use information technology now is like knowing how to run an assembly line, whether building a Model T or a computer.
Companies that lacked the skills to manage information technology effectively suffered compared with competitors that had mastered those skills. But over the years, as information technology has become cheaper and more manageable, this source of competitive advantage has been reduced and perhaps eliminated.(...)
Nowadays anybody can set up a Web server, or an accounting system, (...).
Abstract: This paper examines analytically and empirically the extent to which globalization affects the poor in developing countries. I begin with a description of various channels through which trade openness and financial integration may have an adverse effect on poverty. I also stress the possible non-linearities involved (...) seldom recognized in the existing literature. I then present cross-country regressions that relate measures of real and financial integration to poverty. The results suggest the existence of an inverted U-shape relationship between globalization and poverty. At low levels, globalization appears to hurt the poor; but beyond a certain threshold, it seems to reduce poverty (...).
- Source: Does Globalization Hurt The Poor?, P.-R. Agénor - pagenorworldbank.org, DOI: 10.1007/s10368-003-0004-3, International Economics and Economic Policy, Mar. 2004
- Contributed by Atin Das - dasatinyahoo.co.in
The Case Against Intellectual Monopoly, Int. Econ. Rev.
Abstract: In the modern theory of growth, monopoly plays a crucial role both as a cause and an effect of innovation. Innovative firms, it is argued, would have insufficient incentive to innovate should the prospect of monopoly power not be present. This theme of monopoly runs throughout the theory of growth, international trade, and industrial organization. We argue that monopoly is neither needed for, nor a necessary consequence of innovation. In particular, intellectual property is not necessary for, and may hurt more than help, innovation and growth. We argue that, as a practical matter, it is more likely to hurt.
Comparative Learning Dynamics, Int. Econ. Rev.
Abstract: We study economic environments in which agents make choices on the basis of relative performance criteria and call the associated class of dynamic adjustment rules comparative dynamics. We distinguish two classes of learning behavior: learning from the population experience (imitative dynamics) and learning only from one's own experience (introspective dynamics). Paradoxically, for a broad class of models, comparing stochastically stable states across dynamics, agent payoffs are lower for imitative than introspective dynamics-mimicking best practice in the population is counterproductive.
- Source: Comparative Learning Dynamics, J. Bergin, D. Bernhardt, International Economic Review, May 2004
- Contributed by Pritha Das - prithadas01yahoo.com
Bribes In A Supply Line, Economica
Abstract: The paper models the practice of charging bribes for faster delivery of essential services. It then examines the possibility of curbing corruption by supervision and by introducing competition among delivery agents. It is argued that a supervisory solution eludes the problem because no hard evidence of the reduction of corruption can be established for this type of offence. It is then shown that using more than one supplier reduces the bribe rate and the waiting period for both bribe-payers and others; and the aggregate gain of consumers exceeds the cost of hiring additional suppliers.
Information Theory in Molecular biology, arXiv
Abstract: This article introduces the physics of information in the context of molecular biology and genomics. Entropy and information, the two central concepts of Shannon's theory of information and communication, are often confused with each other but play transparent roles when applied to statistical ensembles (i.e., identically prepared sets) of symbolic sequences. Such an approach can distinguish between entropy and information in genes, predict the secondary structure of ribozymes, and detect the covariation between residues in folded proteins. We also review applications to molecular sequence and structure analysis, and introduce new tools in the characterization of resistance mutations, and in drug design.
Where Art Studio Meets Science Lab, NY Times
The exhibition, on display until June 18, is called "Reprotech: Building Better Babies?" It uses visual imagery to illustrate (...) some of the most controversial topics in biology today: genetically engineered "designer babies," otherworldly pre-embryos, donor eggs as commodities (...).
Sandy Skoglund/New York Academy of Sciences
Sandy Skoglund's "Maybe Babies" (1983), with its color-coded infants, hints at the implications of sex selection. It is among the artists' pieces in the exhibition "Reprotech: Building Better Babies?," at the New York Academy of Sciences' Gallery of Art and Science, through June 18.
This isn't science explained in layman's terms; this is science looked at in a way that, strictly speaking, doesn't involve terms at all.
Unlike the language we usually use to explore scientific topics, visual images reach people through a pathway having little to do with cognition,
How Did Natural Selection Shape Human Genes?, The Scientist
Excerpts: A paper proposes that climate favored certain mitochondrial DNA polymorphisms,
Many selective forces must have influenced human evolution, but the only one that all population geneticists seem to agree upon is malaria. Time and again, studies have identified certain DNA polymorphisms--most famously, the ß-globin variant underlying red-cell sickling--that helped people resist this mosquito- borne disease. The reproductive success of such individuals spread these polymorphisms throughout regions where malaria is endemic.
Geneticists have been much more reluctant, in contrast, to conclude that other selective forces favored or dis-favored particular polymorphisms.
Landmarks of Human Variations, The Scientist
Excerpts: Surveys of human haplotypes lend support to a sometimes criticized international effort
The myriad medical breakthroughs predicted to come from the sequencing of the human genome have yet to pour freely. The idea that genes related to common diseases and unique drug responses can be uncovered through careful scrutiny of genetic variation is an inspiring one, but searching for variability remains expensive and time-consuming. A project that would map variants common in most human populations might ease that search. In July 2001, (...), the National Institutes of Health started planning such a project, now known as the International HapMap Consortium.
Excerpts: Constructing eukaryotes through endosymbiosis
The endosymbiotic theory, which posits that organelles such as chloroplasts and mitochondria descended from formerly independent cells, has received wide acceptance in the last third of the 20th century. But recent findings suggest that endosymbiotic processes may have contributed still more cellular components, chloroplasts and mitochondria being simply the most easily identified examples.
(...) These findings raise questions as to whether still other structures in eukaryotic cells, now lacking their own DNA, might also have originated through endosymbiosis.
Illuminating the Evolutionary History of Chlamydiae, Science
Excerpts: Chlamydiae are the major cause of preventable blindness and sexually transmitted disease. Genome analysis of a chlamydia-related symbiont of free-living amoebae revealed that it is twice as large as any of the pathogenic chlamydiae and had few signs of recent lateral gene acquisition. We showed that about 700 million years ago the last common ancestor of pathogenic and symbiotic chlamydiae was already adapted to intracellular survival in early eukaryotes and contained many virulence factors found in modern pathogenic chlamydiae, (...). Ancient chlamydiae appear to be the originators of mechanisms for the exploitation of eukaryotic cells.
- Source: Illuminating the Evolutionary History of Chlamydiae, Matthias Horn, Astrid Collingro, Stephan Schmitz-Esser, Cora L. Beier, Ulrike Purkhold, Berthold Fartmann, Petra Brandt, Gerald J. Nyakatura, Marcus Droege, Dmitrij Frishman, Thomas Rattei, Hans-Werner Mewes, Michael Wagner, Science : 728-730., 04/04/30
Why a New Cancer Drug Works Well, In Some Patients, Science
Excerpts: tumors of patients who respond to Iressa carry mutations in one of their proteins, the receptor through which epidermal growth factor (EGF) sparks cell growth. (...). The work suggests that the mutations drive lung cancer growth and that Iressa--which inhibits EGF receptor activity--can kill cancer cells bearing the mutations.
Cancer experts are hailing the results. Clinicians should now be able to screen lung cancer patients to see if their tumors carry the EGF receptor mutations and are thus good candidates for Iressa therapy.
Coffee, Spices, Wine, New Dietary Ammo Against Diabetes?, Science News
Mechanism That Enables Stem Cells To Track Migrating Brain Tumor Cells, ScienceDaily
Excerpts: Because they target and track deadly brain tumor cells - even those that migrate within the brain - neural stem cells appear to be effective "delivery systems" to transport cancer-killing gene and immune products. But not all neural stem cells take on this tracking role. Now researchers (...) using mouse and human cells, have defined a subset of neural stem cells that have this tumor-tracking potential. They also have identified a biochemical mechanism that appears to govern the homing behavior. "With this knowledge, we hope to expedite the translation of this powerful and novel strategy for the clinical benefit of patients (...)."
Abstract: This paper presents a theory that could be classified as a geometric theory of folded media (...) a law that establishes the relationship between the geometry of the folded media and other variables (...). It is shown that both the geometry of the folded sheet and the plastic work density can be used as self-similarity tests. If self-similarity is obtained for a ball set resulting from crumpling thin plates or sheets, it is possible to define two variables, the packing capacity and the slenderness ratio, that are related according to a power law. That is, the balls have a fractal representation.
- Source: Fractal Balls, L. Bevilacqua - bevilncc.br, DOI: 10.1016/j.apm.2003.10.017, Applied Mathematical Modelling, Online 2004/02/03
- Contributed by Atin Das - dasatinyahoo.co.in
Playing Old Records (No Needle Required), NY Times
The traditional way to preserve old sound recordings is to play them, typically with a stylus, and then convert the sound into a file that can be stored digitally. But two physicists (...) have developed a new way to preserve the contents of old discs and wax cylinders: they take pictures of the groove instead of dropping a needle into it.
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory top; STIL
NONCONTACT - Scientists are able to reconstruct old recordings by analyzing high-resolution images like those of a 78-r.p.m. shellac disc, top, and a wax cylinder.
The team shoots thousands of precise sequential images of the groove (...), measuring the shape of each undulation and calculating the route a stylus would take along the path.
Planetary Exploration: A Job For The Droids?, Nature
Excerpts: If NASA wants to build a Moon base or put human footprints on Mars, its astronauts are going to need a lot of help from robots.(...)
The next generation of space robots will draw on mainstream robotics research under way in the United States, Japan and Europe. Commercial robots are getting more impressive every day, (...).
Sony's most recent version of its AIBO robot dog, for example, uses advanced algorithms for visual-pattern recognition to locate its battery recharger, even in unfamiliar settings - a key step towards autonomous operation.
Injectable Medibots: Programmable DNA Could Diagnose And Treat Cancer, Science News
Excerpts: The researchers programmed their computer for two types of cancer, prostate cancer and a form of lung cancer. (...) targeted four genes that become either overactive or underactive in people with the disease.
To detect changes in gene activity, the researchers designed their computer to have three components. The first consists of short strands of DNA, called transition molecules, that bind to a segment of the messenger RNA that each cancer gene produces. (...)
The second component is a computation module made up of a long DNA strand.
The Bionic Running Shoe, NY Times
SHOES have long been sensible. Now some are getting smart.
Julie Kay Keefe for The New York Times
IN DEVELOPMENT - Mark A. Oleson, left, and Christian DiBenedetto, the core of a group that developed the Adidas 1 shoe.
Smart enough, that is, to sense their environment electronically, calculate how best to perform in it, and then instantly alter their physical properties to adapt to that environment. (...)
Each second, a sensor in the heel can take up to 20,000 readings and the embedded electronic brain can make 10,000 calculations, directing a tiny electric motor to change the shoe. The goal is to make the shoe adjust to changing conditions and the runner's particular style while in use.
Excerpts: String theory suggests that the big bang was not the origin of the universe but simply the outcome of a preexisting state
Was the big bang really the beginning of time? Or did the universe exist before then? Such a question seemed almost blasphemous only a decade ago. Most cosmologists insisted that it simply made no sense--that to contemplate a time before the big bang was like asking for directions to a place north of the North Pole. But developments in theoretical physics, especially the rise of string theory, have changed their perspective. The pre-bang universe has become the latest frontier of cosmology.
Most scientists believe that solar flares, huge explosions on the sun, occur when the sun's magnetic field lines snap and then reconnect. The magnetic fields accelerate charged particles--electrons and ions--in the solar atmosphere and slam them back into the surface of the sun. The process sends torrents of gamma rays and x-rays shooting out into space. The 2-year-old Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI) satellite is designed to spot those gamma and x-rays, which reveal how charged particles in a flare behave.
Burning questions. Recent gamma ray observations raise new questions about solar flares.
Excerpts: Neuroscientists are finding that their biological descriptions of the brain may fit together best when integrated by psychological theories Freud sketched a century ago.
For the first half of the 1900s, he ideas of Sigmund Freud dominated explanations of how the human mind works. His basic proposition was that our motivations remain largely hidden in our unconscious minds. Moreover, they are actively withheld from consciousness by a repressive force. The executive apparatus of the mind (the ego) rejects any unconscious drives (the id) that might prompt behavior that would be incompatible with our civilized conception of ourselves. This repression is necessary because the drives express themselves in unconstrained passions, childish fantasies, and sexual and aggressive urges.
Mental illness, Freud said until his death in 1939, results when repression fails. Phobias, panic attacks and obsessions are caused by intrusions of the hidden drives into voluntary behavior.
The Mysteries of Myelin Unwrapped, Science
Excerpts: Myelination, the process by which glial cells ensheath the axons of neurons in layers of myelin, ensures the rapid conduction of electrical impulses in the nervous system. The formation of myelin sheaths is one of the most spectacular examples of cell-cell interaction and coordination in nature. Myelin sheaths are formed by the vast membranous extensions of glial cells: (...) The axon is wrapped many times (like a Swiss roll) by these sheetlike membrane extensions to form the final myelin sheath or internode (...).
Human Brain Works Heavy Statistics Learning Language, ScienceDaily
Excerpts: A team (...) has found that the human brain makes much more extensive use of highly complex statistics when learning a language than scientists ever realized. The research (...) shows that the human brain is wired to quickly grasp certain relationships between spoken sounds even though those relationships may be so complicated they're beyond our ability to consciously comprehend. "We're starting to learn just how intuitively our minds are able to analyze amazingly complex information without our even being aware of it. There is a powerful correlation between what our brains are able to do and what language demands of us."
Mental Relaxation Improves Long-Term Incidental Visual Memory, Neurobiol. Learning & Mem.
Abstract: Experimental evidence has linked increased arousal to enhanced memory retention. There is also evidence that procedures reducing arousal, i.e., mental relaxation, might improve memory, but conflicting results have been reported. To clarify this issue, we studied the effects of a single session of relaxation training on incidental visual long-term memory. Our data demonstrate a favorable influence of relaxation on at least this aspect of learning. Our data also extend previous knowledge on the beneficial effects of ascending parasympathetic stimulation on memory retention in that enhanced long-term memory consolidation may also occur in the presence of central and descending parasympathetic activation (...).
Mistreatment of Prisoners Is Called Routine in U.S., NY Times
Excerpts: (...) some of the worst abuses have occurred in Texas, (...) during much of the time President Bush was governor (...). (...) guards were allowing inmate gang leaders to buy and sell other inmates as slaves for sex.
(...) man who directed the reopening of the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq last year and trained the guards there resigned under pressure as director of the Utah Department of Corrections in 1997 after an inmate died while shackled to a restraining chair for 16 hours.
Iraq Abuse: US Policy or Anomaly?, BBC News
Excerpts: A key question which remains unresolved after the furore over the photos of alleged Iraqi prisoner abuse is to what extent the breaking of prisoner morale is still part of American policy.
The man brought in to run the Abu Ghraib prison is Maj Gen Geoffrey Miller, the man who ran the US detention facility at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
He told reporters who were shown the prison near Baghdad that sensory deprivation methods would now be used only after a general had "signed off" on them.
Mental Aspects of Abuse and War, NPR
Excerpts: NPR's Liane Hansen speaks with Robert Jay Lifton, a visiting professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School, about the factors that lead individuals to commit atrocities in a military environment. Lifton has studied the effect of stress on group dynamics, and notes similarities between the prisoner abuse in Iraq and situations in Vietnam, World War II and American penal institutions.
My Life as a Guard, NY Times
Excerpts: What we do know about the treatment of prisoners in this "war on terror" (of which Iraq, we are told, is a part), is that the Geneva Conventions don't always apply - the prison at Guantánamo Bay, filled with hundreds of "enemy combatants" (who are not afforded the protections of P.O.W.'s) being Exhibit No. 1. Is Guantánamo different from Abu Ghraib? The administration would say yes. Then again, the new head of Abu Ghraib, Maj. Gen. Geoffrey Miller, was in charge of the interrogations at Guantánamo until just recently.
US Powerless To Halt Iraq Net Images, BBC News
Excerpts: Mr Rumsfeld was indignant at the publication of such images: "We're functioning with peacetime constraints, with legal requirements, in a wartime situation in the Information Age, where people are running around with digital cameras and taking these unbelievable photographs and then passing them off, against the law, to the media, to our surprise."
(...) not realized the seriousness of the allegations until the pictures were leaked to the media.
The internet has been acting as an unofficial clearing-house for all sorts of unapproved images of conflict in Iraq.
Complex Challenges: Global Terrorist Networks
Islamic Terrorist Threats On The Rise Worldwide, Knight Ridder
A series of recent developments in the war on terrorism, barely noticed in the United States, suggests that global Islamic extremism is spreading.
On Monday, Turkish authorities charged nine people, believed to be part of an al-Qaida-linked group, in connection with planning to bomb next month's NATO summit in Istanbul, which President Bush is scheduled to attend. That followed the April 26 televised confessions of suspects allegedly caught trying to build a chemical bomb, which authorities said could have killed tens of thousands in Jordan's capital, Amman.
TODD MAISEL / New York Daily News
Firefighters and rescue personnel search through rubble of World Trade Center aft
A President Beyond the Law, NY Times
Excerpts: One clear example is the treatment of the prisoners at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba. The Third Geneva Convention requires that any dispute about a prisoner's status be decided by a "competent tribunal." American forces provided many such tribunals for prisoners taken in the Persian Gulf war in 1991. But Mr. Bush has refused to comply with the Geneva Convention. He decided that all the Guantánamo prisoners were "unlawful combatants" - that is, not regular soldiers but spies, terrorists or the like.
Links & Snippets
- The Internet's Wilder Side, Seth Schiesel, With much of the Internet beginning to resemble a pleasant, well-policed suburb, a little-known neighborhood known as Internet Relay Chat remains the Wild West.
- Stone Age Combustion: Fire Use Proposed At Ancient Israeli Site, 04/05/01, Science News, A Stone Age site in Israel contains the oldest evidence of controlled fire use in Asia or Europe, from around 750,000 years ago, a research team reports.
- Mouse Mourned: Yoda dies at age 4, 04/05/01, Science News, An age-defying laboratory mouse known as Yoda died peacefully in his cage in Ann Arbor, Mich., on April 22, at the age of 4 years and 12 days.
- The Electron's Other Charge: Workhorse of electricity shows its weak side, 04/05/01, Science News, Although electrons are nonnuclear particles, they exert a feeble nuclear force on each other when they snuggle up close, a new experiment shows.
- Hurricanes Churn Up Life-Nurturing Brews, 04/05/01, Science News, Images of the North Atlantic taken from orbit suggest that hurricanes churn the ocean's surface enough to bring cool, nutrient-rich waters to the surface, thereby stimulating algal blooms that can last for weeks.
- Body's Sweet Move Can Protect Heart, 04/05/01, Science News, Animal studies suggest that the body attempts to protect itself from heart attacks during brief periods of oxygen deprivation by temporarily modifying heart-muscle proteins.
- Proteins Mark ALS, 04/05/01, Science News, Scientists reported finding what appears to be the first diagnostic test for Lou Gehrig's disease, potentially shaving a year off of when targeted treatment for the disease can begin.
- SIDS Trigger? It's Too Darn Hot, 04/05/01, Science News, Overheating, as might occur if a baby were swaddled in a warm room, might predispose some babies to prolonged breathing lapses and sudden infant death syndrome, animal experiments indicate.
- Exercise Boosts Sugar's Taste, 04/05/01, Science News, Studies in runners and in animals indicate that exercise increases an individual's sensitivity to sweetness.
- Progress in Prime Progressions, 04/05/03, Science Now, Mathematicians hail a new proof in prime-number theory
- Spiraling Into Form, 04/05/03, Science Now, Laws of physics force plants' spirals into predictable patterns
- Dark Matter Still Elusive, 04/05/04, Science Now, Most sensitive measurements yet fail to find the most prominent stuff in
- Bouncing Neutrons Shore Up R-Squared Law, 04/05/04, Science Now, The law of gravity holds up for masses only nanometers apart
- Electric Sense Sharper Than Thought, 04/05/05, Science Now, Weakly electric fish can identify shapes without using sight or touch
- Getting Warmer, However You Measure It, 04/05/05, Science Now, Thermometers and satellites reconcile their readings
- Mr. Rumsfeld's Responsibility , 04/05/06, washingtonpost.com
- Stability of Macroscopic Entanglement under Decoherence, W. Dür, H.-J. Briegel, 04/05/07, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 180403 (2004)
- The Military Archipelago, 04/05/07, NYTimes
- When Liberators Become Tyrants, Antoine Audouard, 04/05/07, NYTimes
- Intelligent Systems: Architectures and Perspectives, Ajith Abraham, 2004-04-21, arXiv, DOI: cs.AI/0405009
- Quantum Computers, Archil Avaliani, 2004-05-03, arXiv, DOI: cs.AI/0405004
- Global Patterns Of Introduction Effort And Establishment Success In Birds, P. B. Cassey, T. M. Blackburn, D. Sol, R. Duncan, J. Lockwood, 2004/05/04, Alphagalileo & Biology Letters
- Western Sandpipers Have Altered Migration Tactics As Peregrine Falcon Populations Have Recovered, R. C. Ydenberg, R. W. Butler, D. B. Lank, B. D. Smith, J. Ireland, 2004/05/04, Alphagalileo & Proceedings Biological Sciences
- The Evolution Of Non-Reciprocal Nuclear Exchange In Mushrooms As A Consequence Of Genomic Conflict, D. K. Aanen, T. W. Kuyper, A. J. M. Debets, R. F. Hoekstra, 2004/05/04, Alphagalileo & Proceedings Biological Sciences
- Protein Networks, Pleiotropy And The Evolution Of Senescence, D. E. L. Promislow, 2004/05/04, Alphagalileo & Proceedings Biological Sciences
- Network Aims to Dispose of 'Throwaway Society', J. Reck - jane.reckepsrc.ac.uk, 2004/05/04, Alphagalileo
- Personality May Be Key To 'Psyching' Oneself Up For Exercise, 2004/05/05, ScienceDaily & University Of Florida
- Readers' Memories Of Crime Stories Influenced By Racial Stereotypes, 2004/05/06, ScienceDaily & Penn State
- Education Choice, Endogenous Growth And Income Distribution, B. A. Cardak, Feb. 2004, Economica
- Leaving State Sector Employment In Russia, J. Turunen, Mar. 2004, The Economics of Transition
- The Age As A Diagnostic Of The Dynamics Of Marine Ecosystem Models, É. J.M. Delhez - e.delhezulg.ac.be, G. Lacroix, É. Deleersnijder, May 2004, Ocean Dynamics, DOI: 10.1007/s10236-003-0075-2
- Specific Factors, Learning, And The Dynamics Of Trade, C. Bajona, May 2004, International Economic Review
- The Investment Acceleration Principle Revisited By Means Of A Neural Network, G. Fioretti - fiorettics.unibo.it, online 2004/03/05, Neural Computing & Applications, DOI: 10.1007/s00521-004-0398-z
- Time Of Day Modulation Of Conditioned Place Preference In Rats Depends On The Strain Of Rat Used, S. W. Cain - swcainhotmail.com, C. H. Ko, J. A. Chalmers, M. R. Ralph, Online 2004/03/20, Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, DOI: 10.1016/j.nlm.2004.02.003
- Audiovisual Speech Gating: Examining Information And Information Processing, S. K. de la Vaux - massarofuzzy.ucsc.edu, D. W. Massaro, online 2004/04/23, Cognitive Processing, DOI: 10.1007/s10339-004-0014-2
Nonlinear Dynamics And Chaos: Lab Demonstrations, Strogatz, Steven H., Internet-First University Press, 1994
- World Economic Forum 2004, Davos, Switzerland
- Riding the Next Democratic Wave, Al-Thani, Khan, Vike-Freiberga, Wade, Soros, Zakaria, World Economic Forum, 04/01/25
- The Future of Global Interdependence, Kharrazi, Held, Owens, Shourie, Annan, Martin, Schwab, World Economic Forum, 04/01/25
- Why Victory Against Terrorism Demands Shared Values
- The Process of Curricular Review: Redefining a World-Class Education, Benedict Gross, Thomas Bender, Harvard@home, 04/01/21, Dean of Harvard College Benedict Gross discusses Harvard's first comprehensive review of the undergraduate curriculum in almost 3 decades. This program introduces the process of curricular review by presenting two segmented lectures. The first, by Dean Gross, outlines the approach and considerations in undertaking the current review. The second lecture, presented by NYU Professor Thomas Bender, presents a historical perspective on academic culture.
- Cancer Biology , NPR Talk of the Nation, 04/01/16, How the spread of cancer is like wound healing gone awry.
- Tracking Ebola , NPR Talk of the Nation, 04/01/16, A new study might help scientists predict where Ebola may! strike next.
- CODIS 2004, International Conference On Communications, Devices And Intelligent Systems, 2004 Calcutta, India, 04/01/09-10
- EVOLVABILITY & INTERACTION: Evolutionary Substrates of Communication, Signaling, and Perception in the Dynamics of Social Complexity, London, UK, 03/10/08-10
- The Semantic Web and Language Technology - Its Po tential and Practicalities, Bucharest, Romania, 03/07/28-08/08
- ECAL 2003, 7th European Conference on Artificial Life, Dortmund, Germany, 03/09/14-17
- New Santa Fe Institute President About His Vision for SFI's Future Role, (Video, Santa Fe, NM, 03/06/04)
- SPIE's 1st Intl Symp on Fluctuations and Noise, Santa Fe, NM, 2003/06/01-04
- NAS Sackler Colloquium on Mapping Knowledge Domains, Video/Audio Report, 03/05/11
- 13th Ann Intl Conf, Soc f Chaos Theory in Psych & Life Sciences, Boston, MA, USA, 2003/08/08-10
- CERN Webcast Service, Streamed videos of Archived Lectures and Live Events
- Dean LeBaron's Archive of Daily Video Commentary, Ongoing Since February 1998
- Edge Videos
Conference & Call for Papers Announcements
- Strategic Thinking in a Complex World, Smithsonian Resident Associates Program, 04/05/01-22
- International Conference on the Ontology of Spacetime,
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 04/05/11-14
International Conference on Complex Systems (ICCS2004),
Boston, MA, USA, 04/05/16-21
Understanding Complex Systems: Networks, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, 04/05/17-20
- 3rd Intl Conf on
Systems Thinking in Management (ICSTM 2004) "Transforming
Organizations to Achieve Sustainable Success",
Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 04/05/19-21
- 4th Intl Conf on
Fractals And Dynamic Systems In Geoscience, München, Germany, 04/05/19-22
Annual Workshop on Economics and Heterogeneous Interaction Agents
(WEHIA04), Kyoto, Japan, 2004/05/27-29
International Symposium on HIV & Emerging Infectious
Diseases, Toulon, France, 04/06/03-05!
Experimental Chaos Conference, Florence, Italy,
- An Intl Tribute to Francisco Varela, Paris,04/06/18-20
Intl Conf on Linking Systems Thinking, Innovation,Quality, Entrepreneurship and Environment (STIQE),
MARIBOR, SLOVENIA, 04/06/24-26
Biannual Meeting Society for Research on Biological Rhythms, Whistler, BC, 04/06/24-26
NAACSOS 2004, North American Association for Computational Social and Organizational Science, Pittsburgh PA, 04/06/27-29
Statphys - Kolkata V An International Conference on Complex Networks: Structure, Function and Processes , Kolkata, India, 04/06/27-30
ICAD 2004 10th International Conference on Auditory Display, Sydney, Australia, 04/07/06-09
3rd Intl School Topics in Nonlinear Dynamics Discrete Dynamical Systems and Applications , Urbino (Italy), 04/07/07-09
- `Perspectives on Nonlinear Dynamics 2004 (PNLD-2004), Chen!
nai, India, 04/07/12-15
- From Animals To Animats
8, 8th Intl Conf On The Simulation Of Adaptive Behavior
(SAB'04), Los Angeles, USA, 04/07/13-17
- 14th Annual International Conference The Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences , Milwaukee, WI, USA, 04/07/15-18
Facing Complexity, Wellington, NZ, 04/07/15-17
Interdisciplinary Colloquium, Security Bytes, Security/Life/Terror
, Lancaster, 04/07/17-19
- Gordon Research Conference on "Oscillations & Dynamic Instabilities In Chemical Systems", Lewiston, ME, 04/07/18-23
Intl Conf Autonomous Agents & Multi-Agent Systems Conference (AAMAS 2004), New York City, 04/07/19-23
Intl Workshop on: Trust in Agent Societies , New York City, 04/07/19-20
World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and
Informatics, Orlando, Florida, USA, 04/07/18-21
The 4 th International Workshop on Meta-Synthesis and Complex Systems
(MCS'2004) , Beijing, 04/07/22-23
Summer Simulation MultiConference (SummerSim'04), San Jose
Hyatt, San Jose, California, 04/07/25-29
- SME 2004 Symposium on Modeling
and Control of Economic Systems , University in Redlands, CA, 04/07/28-31
International Mathematica Symposium (IMS 2004), Banff,
- Fractals and Natural Hazards at
32nd Intl Geological Congress (IGC), Florence, Italy, 04/08/20-28
ICCC 2004, IEEE International Conference on Computational Cybernetics, ,
Vienna, Austria, 04/08/30-09/01
2004, 4th International Workshop on Ant Colony
Optimization and Swarm Intelligence, Brussels, Belgium,
An Inquiry into Systems, Emergence, Levels of Reality,
and Forms of Causality, Trento, Italy,
Intl Conf on the Simulation and Synthesis of Living Systems
(ALIFE9), Boston, Massachusetts, 04/09/12-15
- Neuroeconomics 2004, Charleston, SC, 04/09/16-19
- TNew Economic Windows 2004: Complexity Hints for Economic Policy, Salerno, Italy, 04/09/16-18
Verhulst 200 on Chaos, Brussels, BELGIUM, 04/09/16-18
8th Intl Conf on Parallel Problem Solving from Nature
(PPSN VIII), Birmingham, UK, 04/09/18-22
- XVII Brazilian
Symposium on Artificial Intelligence, Sao Luis, Maranhao -
- TEDMED Conference ,
Charleston SC, 04/10/12-15
Technology Conference, Champaign, Illinois,
- 6th Intl Conf on Electronic Commerce
ICEC'2004: Towards A New Services Landscape, Delft, The Netherlands, 04/10/25-27
- Complexity and Philosophy Workshop - 2-Day Conference , Rio de Janeiro, 04/11