Feb. 17, 2004
Solutions for the Adaptive Enterprise, HP.com
Excerpts: Adaptive Enterprise
What is it? It is business and IT synchronized to capitalize on change, allowing companies to execute business decisions more quickly, broadly and easily than ever before. The Adaptive Enterprise follows a few key design principles: simplify, standardize, modularize and integrate
Simplify: Reduce the number of IT elements in your network. Eliminate customization. Automate change. Simplify everything and you are prepared for anything.
Integrate: Build a dynamic link between business and IT. Connect applications and processes inside and out. Watch everything work together. And see change coming a mile away.
Abstract: For many years, research and management thinking has focused on understanding business relationships and networks. Now, the focus is shifting to managing business relationships and networks. This new approach focus poses two questions. Since networks are loosely coupled systems, to what extent are business networks manageable? Furthermore, how can a firm's ability to manage a network be characterized and measured? This paper addresses these two questions by synthesizing the current state of knowledge on management issues in networks and the contribution to managerial abilities in complex relationships. The discussion leads to a set of propositions describing the abilities firms will need to successfully manage complex business networks.
- Source: Managing in Complex Business Networks, Thomas Ritter, Ian F. Wilkinson, Wesley J. Johnston, DOI: 10.1016/j.indmarman.2003.10.016, Industrial Marketing Management, Article in Press, Corrected Proof, 2004-01-14
'J- CHART' at Traders EXPO in New York, Yahoo Finance
There has been no new ball game until the later part of the 20th century, Wall Street communities began to utilize Neural Networks, Fuzzy Logic or Chaos Theory with modern computers in searching for ultimate solutions but nothing significant has been achieved either.
J-Chart is applicable to all financial instruments including stocks,...
To solve the discrepancy of traditional analysis, ATMOL has overthrown the fixed time interval and brings in a notion known as the kinetic equilibrium. Accordingly, J-Chart is able to avoid Random-Walk's effects. Furthermore, J- Chart utilizes the Pair Production Phenomenon of Quantum Physics as backbone (...).
Intelligent Advertising, AI & Society
Abstract: Digital media is getting smarter. Home electrical goods are getting smarter. This article explores how one aspect of content is beginning to reflect this-digital advertising. It is becoming increasingly important for advertisers to target consumers as individuals and in communities of interest rather than by demographic. This article explores the impact of smart systems and artificial intelligence (AI) on advertising and examines different approaches to creating intelligent and smart content and how behaviour is fast becoming the guiding principle for new content forms.
- Source: Intelligent Advertising, R. Adams - richardradams.co.uk, DOI: 10.1007/s00146-003-0259-9, AI & Society, online 2003/12/17
- Contributed by Pritha Das - prithadas01yahoo.com
Noise Management: Sound And Vision, Nature
Excerpts: Computer simulations that paint Europe's cities in riotous color are at the core of a bold plan to restore peace and quiet to a population driven to distraction by traffic noise.
I'm swooping down the boulevards of Paris in a virtual simulation of the city of light, where sound levels are depicted as color. The deep blue roar of traffic washes along the streets, blazing crimson against the base of adjacent buildings, (...) I'm exploring one of the world's first three-dimensional (3D) computer maps of urban decibels —(...).
Competition-Induced Preferential Attachment, arXiv
Abstract: Models based on preferential attachment have had much success in reproducing the power law degree distributions which seem ubiquitous in both natural and engineered systems. Here, rather than assuming preferential attachment, we give an explanation of how it can arise from a more basic underlying mechanism of competition between opposing forces.
We introduce a family of one-dimensional geometric growth models, constructed iteratively by locally optimizing the tradeoffs between two competing metrics. This family admits an equivalent description as a graph process with no reference to the underlying geometry. Moreover, the resulting graph process is shown to be preferential attachment with an upper cutoff. We rigorously determine the degree distribution for the family of random graph models, showing that it obeys a power law up to a finite threshold and decays exponentially above this threshold.
We also introduce and rigorously analyze a generalized version of our graph process, with two natural parameters, one corresponding to the cutoff and the other a ``fertility'' parameter. Limiting cases of this process include the standard Barabasi-Albert preferential attachment model and the uniform attachment model. In the general case, we prove that the process has a power law degree distribution up to a cutoff, and establish monotonicity of the power as a function of the two parameters.
Intel Makes Light Work For Chips, BBC News
Silicon has become the material of choice for computer processors because it is cheap and because electrons move through it in ways that can be easily controlled and do useful work.
Fast networks could get cheaper thanks to Intel
Now Intel researchers have found a way to do make silicon do almost the same thing with light at speeds almost 50 times faster than anyone has demonstrated before.
(...), Intel scientists Ansheng Liu and colleagues said they had built a silicon modulator that can send a billion pulses of light a second down fibre-optic cables.
Living Machines, Wired
Excerpts: Technology and biology are converging fast. The result will transform everything from engineering to art - and redefine life as we know it.(...)
The notion that the inorganic world is alive is as old as mythology; think of Poseidon, the Greek personification of the sea. However, the tools available to examine life at its most essential - DNA sequencing, bioinformatics, gene chips - are new. (...) It turns out that many of life's properties - emergence, self-organization, reproduction, coevolution - show up in systems generally regarded as nonliving.
- Source: Living Machines, Christopher Meyer, Jason Lohn, Karl Jacob, Dick Morley, Shana Ting Lipton, Marco Dorigo, Avery Pennarun, Wired, Issue 12.02, 04/02
Slaves To Rhythm - Oscillations, Cycling And The Pace Of Life, The Biochemist
Abstract: Plants are generally rooted to the spot and have to make the best advantage of the limited availability of sunlight, their most important resource. Not surprisingly, many aspects of plant physiology and development are organised by an internal chronometer. This so-called "circadian" clock imposes a 24-hour rhythm on molecular, biochemical and physiological processes in tune with the environmental light-dark cycle.
Central And Peripheral Oscillators In Mammals - A Guided Tour Through A Network Of Clocks, The Biochemist
Abstract: For decades, the circadian system of animals was viewed as a single or a few centralized structures driving all overt physiological circadian rhythms. Recent data have questioned this view and have revealed a much more complex and dynamic picture. We now know that circadian oscillators are also present in many different tissues and constitute part of a hierarchical circadian system. Here we describe this multi oscillator system that constitutes the basis for the variety of physiological rhythms.
Photosynthesis Inspires Molecular-Assembly Process, EE Times
Excerpts: Nanotechnologists have recently succeeded in building molecular systems based on highly efficient versions of the molecular "machine" that plants use to turn sunlight into energy.
For example, Sandia National Laboratory has developed a chemical system that creates a wide variety of complex nanostructures from platinum. The system uses the porphyrin molecule, a protein essential to photosynthesis, as a catalyst for depositing platinum on small organic structures called lipids. It could lead to a light-driven source of hydrogen.
Excerpts: It's in the air we breathe, the water we drink and the planet we inhabit: oxygen, the most abundant element on Earth. In this hour, we're broadcasting from the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and we'll talk about oxygen -- from the story of its discovery to new discoveries about the biology of oxygen. Plus, oxygen on stage.
- Source: Oxygen, Bassam Shakhashiri, Mary Jo Nye, Carl Djerassi, Paul Wentworth Jr., NPR TON, 04/02/13
Life's Patterns: No Need to Spell It Out?, Science
Excerpts: Yet genes alone can't specify the shape and arrangement of all an organism's parts, says Jacques Dumais, a biologist at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts. "There is not enough information in the DNA to code for that," Dumais says. "As soon as you talk about something more complicated than a virus, you can't do it."
Instead, the patterns of life must arise without detailed blueprints, just as an exquisitely symmetrical snowflake emerges from the random collisions of water molecules in moist air.
A surprising resistance would be put up by sand grains hiding a buried treasure chest.
Evolutionary Dynamics of Biological Games, Science
Abstract: Darwinian dynamics based on mutation and selection form the core of mathematical models for adaptation and coevolution of biological populations. The evolutionary outcome is often not a fitness-maximizing equilibrium but can include oscillations and chaos. For studying frequency-dependent selection, game-theoretic arguments are more appropriate than optimization algorithms. Replicator and adaptive dynamics describe short- and long-term evolution in phenotype space and have found applications ranging from animal behavior and ecology to speciation, macroevolution, and human language. Evolutionary game theory is an essential component of a mathematical and computational approach to biology.
Turning Points Prisoners Of The Dilemma, Nature
Excerpts: my thinking or approach to science has changed course. Far from a linear path, my scientific career feels more like brownian motion, which is continuous everywhere, but differentiable nowhere. There have been many turning points that have sent me off in new directions, making me forget what I had been doing at the time.
I am no longer embarrassed to work on games. They are the generic description of evolutionary interactions among genes, cells and people. Children love games. Scientific creativity is to never stop playing.
Making Sense of a Heart Gone Wild, Science
Excerpts: For implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs), the success rate exceeds 99%. (External defibrillators, like the one used by the rescue squad, have a lower success rate, primarily because they are not always applied in time.) It's a true medical miracle--and as befits a miracle, no one can explain why it works. "We don't even know how the electric current goes into the heart," says Gray. Nor does anyone really know how ventricular fibrillation gets started, or why a big shock brings it to an end.
Introductory Science and Mathematics Education for 21st-Century Biologists, Science
Excerpts: Galileo wrote that "the book of nature is written in the language of mathematics"; his quantitative approach to understanding the natural world arguably marks the beginning of modern science. Nearly 400 years later, the fragmented teaching of science in our universities still leaves biology outside the quantitative and mathematical culture (...). This strikes us as particularly inopportune at a time when opportunities for quantitative thinking about biological systems are exploding. We propose that a way out of this dilemma is a unified introductory science curriculum
Inferring Cellular Networks Using Probabilistic Graphical Models, Science
Abstract: High-throughput genome-wide molecular assays, which probe cellular networks from different perspectives, have become central to molecular biology. Probabilistic graphical models are useful for extracting meaningful biological insights from the resulting data sets. These models provide a concise representation of complex cellular networks by composing simpler submodels. Procedures based on well-understood principles for inferring such models from data facilitate a model-based methodology for analysis and discovery. This methodology and its capabilities are illustrated by several recent applications to gene expression data.
The Brain's Word Act: Reading Verbs Revs Up Motor Cortex Areas, Science News
Excerpts: For more than 60 years, scientists have known that a strip of neural tissue that runs ear-to-ear along the brain's surface orchestrates most voluntary movement, from raising a fork to kicking a ball. A new brain-imaging study has revealed that parts of this so-called motor cortex also respond vigorously as people do nothing more than silently read words.
Not just any words get those neurons going, however. They have to be action words-active verbs.
(...) such as lick, pick, or kick-the motor cortex areas that control the specified action exhibit high rates of blood flow,(...)
Ion Channels: Shake, Rattle Or Roll?, Nature
Excerpts: Nerve transmission depends on voltage-gated ion-channel proteins, which in turn depend on the behaviour of a membrane domain called the voltage sensor. Therein lies the latest episode in a continuing story.
The propagation of electrical signals in the nervous system endows animals with moment-to-moment overall coherence. Without it, worms could not wriggle, flies could not find fruit, and we could not read News and Views. Electrical impulses coursing down the nerve axon arise from a molecular minuet in which ion-channel proteins deliver charged particles, Na+ and K+, across the nerve membrane.
Soul Made Flesh Today On Fresh Air, NPR Audio
Excerpts: Health and Science writer Carl Zimmer's new book is Soul Made Flesh: The Discovery of the Brain-and How it Changed the World. It's about Thomas Willis, the scientist whose research on the workings of the brain during the 17th century became the basis of modern neurology. Zimmer's work appears regularly in The New York Times, National Geographic, Newsweek, Discover, Natural History, and Science. He is also a John S. Guggenheim Fellow and received the Pan-American Health Organization Award for Excellence in International Health Reporting.
MIT Team Discovers Memory Mechanism, ScienceDaily
Excerpts: MIT neuroscientists have discovered a new brain mechanism controlling the formation of lasting memories. This mechanism explains how signals between neurons stimulate production of the protein building blocks needed for long-term memory storage. Long-lasting memories are stored in the brain through strengthening of the connections, or synapses, between neurons. Researchers have known for many years that neurons must turn on the synthesis of new proteins for long-term memory storage and synaptic strengthening to occur (...). "What we have discovered (...) is that there is a direct activational signal from the synapse to the protein synthesis machinery,"
Cloned Human Embryos Yield Stem Cells, Nature
The team used DNA from cumulus cells - a specialized type of cell that helps to nourish developing eggs. This genetic material was injected into 242 empty eggs taken from 16 women, yielding a total of 30 embryos.
|Genetic material was injected into eggs that had their own DNA removed.
||© W.S Hwang
In theory, such embryos could develop into human clones (...) But human cloning is illegal in many countries, and Hwang's team was only interested in using these very early embryos for therapeutic treatments. The embryos were allowed to divide in culture for just 5 to 6 days before being terminated.
Scientists Claim Cloning Success, NY Times
Excerpts: "You now have the cookbook, you have a methodology that's publicly available," said Dr. Robert Lanza, medical director of a company, Advanced Cell Technology in Worcester, Mass., that had tried without success to do what the South Koreans did.
Although the paper, written in dense jargon and summarizing its findings by saying, "We report the derivation of a pluripotent embryonic stem cell line (SCNT-hES-1) from a cloned human blastocyst," its import was immediately clear to researchers.
Excerpts: Scientists in South Korea say they have cloned a human embryo.
- Source: Cloned Embryo, Ira Flatow, Donald Kennedy, NPR Audio, 04/02/13
Pigeons Take The Highway, Nature
Researchers may have discovered how pigeons find their way along familiar routes. Instead of heading straight for their destination, they follow main roads, railways and rivers. (...)
Pigeons may use familar landmarks again and again.
© Image Source
Some of the birds that used landmarks did so again and again on separate occasions, says Guilford, following a set path to theirloft. "One pigeon flies along the road to the first roundabout, takes the third exit, goes along the dual carriageway to the next roundabout, then leaves the road and goes cross-country," he says.
Laboratory mice may need to satisfy their curiosity just as much as they need food and water, according to a study of mouse behaviour. They'll even take antidepressants if they aren't given the chance to run around and explore. (...)
A plusher cage could lead to happier mice, and more reliable results.
Surprisingly, the amount of work the mouse was willing to put in was similar to the amount of work that mice generally do to gain access to extra food and water.
It doesn't seem to matter how big the adjoining cage is, (...).
Scientists have genetically engineered bacteria to 'talk' to each other in a new language1. The achievement brings us one step closer to turning cells into tiny robots that we can control by flooding them with chemicals.(...)
Altered bacteria blink on and off like lightbulbs when doused with a chemical signal.
© Science Photo Library
They started by stitching a 'module' of control genes into the genome of Escherichia coli bacteria - (...) added a gene module to E. coli cells that made them blink on and off like light bulbs. The genes did this by prompting the cells to make a light-emitting protein called GFP in regular spurts.
Companies Hope Profits Run From Clean Water, NYTimes
If you still think the emphasis on water chemistry is overblown, confront the chamber of horrors on display in the lobby of GE Infrastructure's main water-research lab (...). It holds a glassed-in graveyard of corroded pipes, split joints and other industrial casualties, all results of bad water flowing through manufacturing processes, cooling systems and the like.
Tim Shaffer for The New York Times
The calcium scaling in a water cooling pipe is one example of the industrial casualties on display in the lab's lobby.
In the bowels of the building, researchers are seeking ways to vaccinate industrial equipment against just such diseases. "We don't want to just amputate corroded joints; we want to prevent the gangrene,'' (...).
Talking Simplicity, Building a Maze, NY Times
Excerpts: For decades, Congress has used the tax code to engineer social goals and hand out favors, a trend that accelerated during the Clinton administration and became supercharged during the administration of George W. Bush, which has introduced vast changes in such rapid-fire order that not all the consequences are understood even by people who study tax policy. Three major tax bills enacted in three years have vastly complicated the tax code, and a fourth Bush tax-cut bill is in the works.
Four Ways That Conventional Wisdom Can Go Astray, NY Times
Excerpts: The I.R.S.'s pamphlets, like the one for business use of your home, are widely considered to be accurate statements of the law, or, if there is any doubt about interpretation, of the I.R.S. position on the law. But the information people get at the agency's walk-in advice centers does not have nearly such a good reputation.
A report last month by the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration, an independent agency that oversees the I.R.S., found that agency employees correctly answered only 72 percent of the questions (...).
Halliburton Accused of Wasting Tax Money, NYTimes
Excerpts: Halliburton, which supplies military support services in Iraq and elsewhere, routinely purchased items at higher prices from preferred suppliers, said Henry Bunting, who worked for the company in Kuwait last year.
``There were frequent instructions by procurement supervisors and management to keep ... requisitions under the $2,500 threshold to avoid competitive bidding,'' Bunting, of Houston, told the Senate Democratic Policy Committee.
``Remember, this is a 'cost plus contract' so Halliburton would get reimbursed for its costs plus a percentage,'' he said.
Editor's Note: Here it appears that the "fitness function" is an extreme example of a fitness function representing the rule "privatize profits by maximizing the costs to the taxpayer".
Halliburton Likely to Be a Campaign Issue This Fall, NY Times
Excerpts: While Bill Dal Col, a Republican consultant, called Halliburton "a good rallying cry" for Democrats that "will help with fund-raising," he added that "it doesn't really have any traction with anyone who is not already opposed to the administration."
(...) Pentagon comptroller, Dov S. Zakheim said in Congressional testimony last week that Halliburton was "doing their best to do the right thing."
In the advertisements, Dave Lesar, Halliburton's chief executive, said: "You've heard a lot about Halliburton lately. Criticism is O.K. We can take it. Criticism is not failure."
Abstract: (...) it has been assumed that being in a position to choose from more options is preferred to having fewer options. Combining a dictator game (a no-choice situation for the receiver) and an ultimatum game (the receiver can choose between two options) we investigated whether receivers prefer to have some freedom of choice (...) even in the presence of monetary incentives to choose otherwise. The experimental results show that a strong majority of players is not willing to give up the option to veto without monetary incentives to do so. The higher the monetary incentives the more players give up their veto power.
- Source: Freedom To Veto, M. Ahlert - ahlertwiwi.uni-halle.de, A. Crüger, DOI: 10.1007/s00355-003-0273-3, Social Choice and Welfare, Feb. 2004
- Contributed by Pritha Das - prithadas01yahoo.com
Book Announcement: The decade of the 1990s witnessed enormous changes in the international environment. And while globalization expanded opportunity, growth, and incomes, it increased inequality of incomes and decreased human security. Moreover, as countries have become more closely linked, insecurity in one country has affected security in other countries. This volume explores the complex challenges that globalization poses for human security. Many of the challenges described are already high on the agenda of the international community. By adding a human security dimension to their analysis, these authors provide new insight into attempts to reduce our vulnerability to the new forces unleashed by global changes.
- Source: Human Insecurity In A Global World, L. C. Chen, S. F.-Parr, E. Seidensticker (Eds), Harvard University Press, Mar. 2004
- Contributed by Atin Das - dasatinyahoo.co.in
Mid-East 'Democracy' Plan Raises Questions, BBC News Online
A plan by President Bush to make a ringing declaration about democracy in the Middle East at the G8 summit of industrialised nations in June is raising questions among some American allies.
Bush wants Iraq to mark the first step to Mid-East democracy
They are concerned that it might sound as if the West is hectoring the Arab world and that other initiatives along the same lines from the United Nations and the European Union are being ignored.(...)
The American plan builds on the policies towards the development of democracy already laid out by President Bush.
How America Doesn't Vote, NYTimes
Excerpts: (...) people will show up to vote and find they have been wrongly taken off the rolls. The lists of eligible voters kept by localities around the country are the gateway to democracy, and they are also a national scandal. In 2000, the American public saw, in Katherine Harris's massive purge of eligible voters in Florida, how easy it is for registered voters to lose their rights by bureaucratic fiat. Missouri's voting-list problems received far less attention, but may have disenfranchised more eligible voters.
U.N. Envoy, Visiting Iraq, Backs Cleric on Elections, NY Times
Mr. Brahimi, who is leading a United Nations team that arrived this week to assess the possibility of holding direct elections, did not say whether he thought elections could be held by May 31. That is the date by which the Bush administration hopes to put a transitional national assembly in place to appoint the new government.
Though the Bush administration has yet to acknowledge that security also poses a problem for elections, many experts say the country is too unstable to stage a fully democratic process.
Lynsey Addario/Corbis, for The New York Times
A poster of Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani hung above shoppers in Baghdad yesterday.
Complex Challenges: Global Terrorist Networks
A Tale of Nuclear Proliferation: How Pakistani Built His Network, NYTimes
Excerpts: "First, he exploits a fragmented market and develops a quite advanced nuclear arsenal. Then he throws the switch, reverses the flow and figures out how to sell the whole kit, right down to the bomb designs, to some of the world's worst governments." (...)
Taken together, they show how Dr. Khan assembled a far-reaching organization of scientists, engineers and business executives who operated on murky boundaries between the legal and the illegal, sometimes underground but often in plain view, unencumbered by international agreements that prohibit trafficking in nuclear technology.
Cuba Detentions May Last Years, NY Times
Excerpts: A large portion of detainees at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, could be held for many years, perhaps indefinitely.(...)
"We feel very much like we are in an active war," said the official, asserting that the civilian law enforcement model in which people are prosecuted for crimes or set free did not apply. "What we're doing at Guantánamo is more understandable in the war context," the official said.
(...) the Pentagon was more concerned with "the rights of the soldiers having these people not going back to the battlefield" (...).
Editor's Note: In a war, one country can surrender and thereby end the war. There is no such authority among the terrorist networks. Therefore the war claim of the US government can imply unchecked power without any temporal limitation as long as the government "feels" the war against terror is still going on.
Links & Snippets
- Commentary: Bush's Iraq Probe Panel , President Bush has set up a commission to investigate the CIA's pre-war intelligence on Iraq. Commentator Kevin Phillips says one name, in particular, is missing from the panel.
- Intel Reports a Research Leap to a Faster Chip, John Markoff, Intel scientists will announce today that they have built a prototype of a silicon chip that can switch light on and off like electricity.
- U.S. Trade Deficit Reaches a Record $489.4 Billion, Elizabeth Becker, The United States trade deficit soared to a record of $489.4 billion last year, according to a federal report released Friday, raising concerns.
- Quantum Gravity: Back To The Future, Philip Ball, Nature 427, 482 - 484 (05 February 2004), From reruns of a nineteenth-century experiment performed with breathtaking precision, we may gain our first glimpses of the physics that lies beyond Einstein's theories of relativity. , DOI: 10.1038/427482a
- Stress Propagation: Getting To The Bottom Of A Granular Medium, Matthew B. Stone, David P. Bernstein, Rachel Barry, Matthew D. Pelc, Yee-Kin Tsui, Peter Schiffer, Nature 427, 503 - 504 (05 February 2004), DOI: 10.1038/427503a
- 48,000 Years of Climate and Forest Change in a Biodiversity Hot Spot, Mark B. Bush, Miles R. Silman, Dunia H. Urrego, Science Feb 6 2004: 827-829.
- Cancer: Respect Thy Neighbor!, Derek C. Radisky, Mina J. Bissell, Science Feb 6 2004: 775-777
- Development Gene May Give Nerve Cells a Sense of Identity, Elizabeth Pennisi, Science Feb 6 2004: 744
- Psychopharmacology:FDA Weighs Suicide Risk in Children on Antidepressants, Constance Holden, Science Feb 6 2004: 745
- Schizophrenia Link To Lead Petrol, A study of blood samples taken in the 1960s suggests a strong link between exposure to lead in the womb and schizophrenia in adulthood.
- U.N. Warns Against a Hasty Vote, but Iraqis Address the Issue, Neela Banerjee, The U.N. special envoy to Iraq departed on Friday, warning that the country faced a significant chance of civil strife.
- Canine Family Histories Revealed, All 300 domestic purebred dog breeds fall into one of 10 major groupings, scientists tell a US conference.
- Action Needed To Save Coral Reefs, More than half of the world's coral reefs will be destroyed by 2100 if urgent action is not taken, scientists warn.
- Jobs Lost Abroad: Host of New Causes for an Old Problem, Steve Lohr, Globalization and technology are amplifying the impact of outsourcing, experts say.
- The Thief of Baghdad, Maureen Dowd, Swept up in big dreams, the foreign policy dream team became dupes in Ahmad Chalabi's big con.
- Americans Pour Money Into Stock Funds in Near Record Amounts, Jonathan Fuerbringer, Americans poured a near record amount into stock mutual funds in January, suggesting investors' confidence in stocks has been restored.
- How Flowers Know It's Spring
- People Lie More On The Phone Than By Email, The first study to compare honesty across communications media surprises psychologists - being held to account may be the key
- Life Could Be Tough On Acid Europa, Far from being a haven of ice and water and an ideal spot for the search for alien life, Jupiter's moon may be a corrosive hotbed of acid and peroxide
- Oldest Insect Hints At Dawn Of Flight, The specimen, found lurking in a fossil-filled museum vault, pushes back the origins of winged insects by 80 million years
- Smart Software Gives Surveillance Eyes a 'Brain', University of Rochester press release, Feb. 12, 2004
University of Rochester researchers have developed "smart camera" software that monitors security cameras for such things as a gun in an airport or the absence of a piece of equipment in a lab.
- Unsure Minds, Science News, Vol. 165, No. 6, 04/02/07
A controversial set of studies indicates that monkeys and dolphins know when they don't know the answer to certain tasks, an ability that presumably relies on conscious deliberations.
- Light Whips Platinum Into Shape, Science News, Vol. 165, No. 6, 04/02/07
Scientists are exploiting the molecular machinery behind photosynthesis to create unique nanostructures out of platinum. http://www.audible.com/sciencenews/
- Ring Of Bright Water, 04/02,
John Chapman, North Perth, Western Australia
- Nitrogen Unbound: New Reaction Breaks Strong Chemical Link, 04/02/07, Science News, Vol. 165, No. 6, http://www.audible.com/sciencenews/
Researchers have developed a new way to turn nitrogen into ammonia that could improve upon an energy-intensive, 90-year-old method used to make fertilizers.
- Gassing Up: Oxygen's Rise May Have Promoted Complex Life, 04/02/07, Science News, Vol. 165, No. 6, http://www.audible.com/sciencenews/
The increasing amount of oxygen in Earth's atmosphere may have driven the emergence of complex life.
- Turning a Snowball Inside Out, 04/02/07,
Ivars Peterson, Science News, Vol. 165, No. 6,
Turning a sphere inside out without allowing any sharp creases along the way is a tricky mathematical maneuver. Carving an intricate snow sculpture depicting a crucial step in this twisty transformation presents its own difficulties.
Turning a Snowball Inside Out: An award-winning snow sculpture.
Courtesy of Carlo Séquin
- Tiny Scales Weigh Virus, Mark Peplow, 04/02/11,
|The miniature "cantilever" can detect a single virus weighing
about one-trillionth as much as a grain of rice.
- Sharks Suffer Population Crash , 04/02/12, Species that once filled the ocean on verge of extinction.
- Genetics And Evolution Of The Dog , Elaine Ostrander, Gordon Lark, Brian Hare, Robert Wayne, 04/02/13, NPR Audio, Hounds, terriers, beagles, boxers, shepherds, schnauzers and mutts: What other species of animal comes in as many shapes and sizes as our best friend the dog? In this hour, we'll look at the genetics and evolution of the dog. How and when did dogs diverge from their wolf ancestors? And what can we learn about human diseases by studying the canine genome? We'll also take a look at the unique relationship dogs have with people. They were the first domesticated animal to move in with humans. What has allowed us to live together so successfully?
- Kevin Phillips, Author, ''American Dynasty'', 04/02/13, c-span, Kevin Phillips, Author of "American Dynasty," discusses his book and contemporary American politics.
2/13/2004: WASHINGTON, DC: 30 min.
- Unified "Micro-" and "Macro-" Evolution of Eco-systems: Self-organization of a Dynamic Network, Dietrich Stauffer, Debashish Chowdhury, 2004-02-06, Physica A, Article in Press, Uncorrected Proof, DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2004.01.015
- Scientists Clone 30 Human Embryos, Jonathan Amos, 2004-02-12, BBC News
- Development Of Flight Performance In The Brown Booby, K. Yoda, H. Kohno, Y. Naito, 2004/02/09, Alphagalileo & Biology Letters
- Kin Recognition In Rattlesnakes, R. W. Clark, 2004/02/09, Alphagalileo & Biology Letters
- Coping With Divided Attention: The Advantage Of Familiarity, S. W. Griffiths, S. Brockmark, J. Hojesjo, J. I. Johnsson, 2004/02/09, Alphagalileo & Proceedings B (Biological Sciences)
- Two Steps Forward, One Step Back: The Pleiotropic Effects Of Favoured Alleles, S. P. Otto, 2004/02/09, Alphagalileo & Proceedings B (Biological Sciences)
- Floral Symmetry Affects Speciation Rates In Angiosperms, R. D. Sargent, 2004/02/09, Alphagalileo & Proceedings B (Biological Sciences)
- Can Cuticular Lipids Provide Sufficient Information For Within-Colony Nepotism In Wasps?, F. R. Dani, K. R Foster, F. Zacchi, P. Seppä, A. Massolo, A. Carelli, E. Arevalo, D. C. Queller, J. E. Strassmann, S. Turillazzi, 2004/02/09, Alphagalileo & Proceedings B (Biological Sciences)
- Natural Killer Cells Are Made, Not Born, 2004/02/09, ScienceDaily & Rockefeller University
- Now Website Data Can Be Harnessed To Help Make Better Sales Forecasts, B. Gammon - becky.gammonesrc.ac.uk, 2004/02/10, Alphagalileo
- "We Are The Champions" - The New Birdie Song, G. Bradley - pressbiomedcentral.com, 2004/02/11, Alphagalileo
- Apes, Monkeys, Children, And The Growth Of Mind, J. C. Gomez, Apr. 2004, Harvard University Press
- A Simple Model For Interaction Of Voltage And Calcium Dynamics In Virtual Ventricular Tissue, O. V. Aslanidi, A. V. Holden, Dec. 2004, International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos, DOI: 10.1142/S0218127403008776
- Mathematical Modeling Of Cardiac Electro-Mechanics: From Protein To Organ, F. B. Sachse, G. Seemann, M. B. Mohr, A. V. Holden, Dec. 2004, International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos, DOI: 10.1142/S0218127403008910
- Dynamics Of Cardiac Intracellular Ca2+ Handling - From Experiments To Virtual Cells, H. Zhang - h.zhang-3umist.ac.uk, D. Noble, M. Cannell, C. H. Orchard, M. Lancaster, S. A. Jones, M. R. Boyett, A. V. Holden, M. Saleet Jafri, E. A. Sobie, W. J. Lederer, S. S. Demir, A. Michailova, F. Delprincipe, M. Egger, E. Niggli, G. L. Smith, C. M. Loughrey, N. Macquaide, J. Dempster, A. W. Trafford, Dec. 2004, International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos, DOI: 10.1142/S0218127403008843
- A Multimodal Brain-Based Feedback And Communication System, T. Hinterberger - thilo.hinterbergeruni-tuebingen.de, N. Neumann, M. Pham, A. Kübler, A. Grether, N. Hofmayer, B. Wilhelm, H. Flor, N. Birbaumer, online 2003/11/29, Experimental Brain Research, DOI: 10.1007/s00221-003-1690-3
- Neighbourhood Size, Dispersal Distance And The Complex Dynamics Of The Spatial Ricker Model, J. M. J. Travis - justinmcs.st-and.ac.uk, online 2003/12/10, Population Ecology, DOI: 10.1007/s10144-003-0161-9
- Emergence From Brain Architectures: A New Cognitive Science?, I. Aleksander - i.aleksanderimperial.ac.uk, online 2004/01/27, Cognitive Processing, DOI: 10.1007/s10339-003-0001-z
Voices of Public Intellectuals Lecture Series: Democracy's Response to the Terrorist Threat
Now in its fifth year, the Radcliffe Institute Voices of Public Intellectuals lecture series brings issues affecting civic life to a public forum. This year's series of three lectures features experts in the study of terrorism and the prosecution of terrorists to explore the effects of terrorism on democracy. These lectures take place in Cambridge on February 26, March 4, and March 11 at 4 p.m.
- World Economic Forum 2004, Davos, Switzerland
Riding the Next Democratic Wave,
Al-Thani, Khan, Vike-Freiberga, Wade, Soros, Zakaria, World Economic Forum, 04/01/25
- The Future of Global Interdependence, Kharrazi, Held, Owens, Shourie, Annan, Martin, Schwab, World Economic Forum, 04/01/25
Why Victory Against Terrorism Demands Shared Values
The Process of Curricular Review: Redefining a World-Class Education, Benedict Gross, Thomas Bender, Harvard@home, 04/01/21, Dean of Harvard College Benedict Gross discusses Harvard's first comprehensive review of the undergraduate curriculum in almost 3 decades. This program introduces the process of curricular review by presenting two segmented lectures. The first, by Dean Gross, outlines the approach and considerations in undertaking the current review. The second lecture, presented by NYU Professor Thomas Bender, presents a historical perspective on academic culture.
Cancer Biology , NPR Talk of the Nation, 04/01/16, How the spread of cancer is like wound healing gone awry.
- Tracking Ebola , NPR Talk of the Nation, 04/01/16, A new study might help scientists predict where Ebola may!
- Animal Thought and Communication, NPR Talk of the Nation, 04/01/16,
How do animals think and communicate with each other? And what can studying animals tell us about the evolution of language in humans? In this hour, NPR's Ira Flatow and guests look at thought and communication in apes, gorillas and monkeys. What can non-human primates tell us about communication in humans?
- CODIS 2004, International Conference On Communications, Devices And Intelligent Systems, 2004 Calcutta, India, 04/01/09-10
- EVOLVABILITY & INTERACTION: Evolutionary Substrates of
Communication, Signaling, and Perception in the Dynamics of Social
Complexity, London, UK, 03/10/08-10
- The Semantic Web
and Language Technology - Its Po
tential and Practicalities,
Bucharest, Romania, 03/07/28-08/08
- ECAL 2003, 7th
European Conference on Artificial Life, Dortmund, Germany,
- New Santa
Fe Institute President About His Vision for SFI's Future Role,
(Video, Santa Fe, NM, 03/06/04)
- SPIE's 1st Intl Symp
on Fluctuations and Noise, Santa Fe, NM, 2003/06/01-04
- NAS Sackler
Colloquium on Mapping Knowledge Domains, Video/Audio Report,
- 13th Ann Intl Conf,
Soc f Chaos Theory in Psych & Life Sciences, Boston, MA, USA,
Webcast Service, Streamed videos of Archived Lectures and
LeBaron's Archive of Daily Video Commentary, Ongoing Since
- Edge Videos
Conference & Call for Papers Announcements
of Socio-Economic Systems, 1st Intl Winter School
2004, Konstanz, Germany, 04/02/16-20
in Molecular Electronics: From molecular materials to single
molecule devices, Dresden, Germany, 04/02/23
- Science, Complexity, and the Ethics of Global Governance, Cork, Ireland, 04/02/26-28
- Leadership in
Rapidly Changing Business Environments -Learning and Adapting in
Time, Cambridge, MA, 04/02/26-27
Intl ICSC Symposium Engineering Of Intelligent Systems (EIS
2004), Island of Madeira, Portugal, 04/02/29-03/02
on Longevity , Sydney, Australia, 04/03/05-07
Physik sozio-ökonomischer Systeme Jahrestagung
(AKSOE), Regensburg, Germany, 04/03/08-12
- 11th Annual Winter Chaos Conference Dynamical Systems Thinking in Science and Society, Stony Creek, CT, USA, 04/03/12-14
Alife Mutants' Hackingsession on Systems and Organisms, Bielefeld (Germany), 04/03/06-13
Science 2004, Washington, 04/03/20-21
- Fractal 2004,
"Complexity and Fractals in Nature", 8th Intl
Multidisciplinary Conf, Vancouver, Canada, 04/04/04-07
- 6th German Workshop on Artificial Life 2004 (GWAL-6), Bamberg, Germany, 04/04/14-16
9th IEEE Intl Conf on Engineering of Complex Computer
Systems, Florence, Italy, 04/04/14-16
- Complexity Science and the Exploration of the Emerging World, Austin, TX, 04/04/17
Advanced Simulation Technologies Conference (ASTC'04),
Arlington, VA., USA, 04/04/18-22
(New Kind of Science) 2004 Conference and Minicourse,
Boston, Massachusetts, 04/04/22-25
- IDS'04 - Intentional Dynamic Systems Symposium, Memphis, TN, USA, 04/04/24-26
Vulnerability and Network Failure: Constructions and Experiences
of Emergencies, Crises and Collapse, Manchester, UK,
What Really Matters ?The Global Forum 2004, Santa Fe, NM, 04/05/02-04
International Conference on Complex Systems (ICCS2004),
Boston, MA, USA, 04/05/16-21
- 3rd Intl Conf on
Systems Thinking in Management (ICSTM 2004) "Transforming
Organizations to Achieve Sustainable Success",
Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 04/05/19-21
- 4th Intl Conf on
Fractals And Dynamic Systems In Geoscience, München, Germany, 04/05/19-22
Annual Workshop on Economics and Heterogeneous Interaction Agents
(WEHIA04), Kyoto, Japan, 2004/05/27-29
International Symposium on HIV & Emerging Infectious
Diseases, Toulon, France, 04/06/03-05
Experimental Chaos Conference, Florence, Italy,
- An Intl Tribute to Francisco Varela, Paris,04/06/18-20
Intl Conf on Linking Systems Thinking, Innovation,Quality, Entrepreneurship and Environment (STIQE),
MARIBOR, SLOVENIA, 04/06/24-26
NAACSOS 2004, North American Association for Computational Social and Organizational Science, Pittsburgh PA, 04/06/27-29
Statphys - Kolkata V An International Conference on Complex Networks: Structure, Function and Processes , Kolkata, India, 04/06/27-30
ICAD 2004 10th International Conference on Auditory Display, Sydney, Australia, 04/07/06-09
3rd Intl School Topics in Nonlinear Dynamics Discrete Dynamical Systems and Applications , Urbino (Italy), 04/07/07-09
- `Perspectives on Nonlinear Dynamics 2004 (PNLD-2004), Chennai, India, 04/07/12-15
- From Animals To Animats
8, 8th Intl Conf On The Simulation Of Adaptive Behavior
(SAB'04), Los Angeles, USA, 04/07/13-17
- 14th Annual International Conference The Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences , Milwaukee, WI, USA, 04/07/15-18
- Gordon Research Conference on "Oscillations & Dynamic Instabilities In Chemical Systems", Lewiston, ME, 04/07/18-23
Intl Conf Autonomous Agents & Multi-Agent Systems Conference (AAMAS 2004), New York City, 04/07/19-23
Intl Workshop on: Trust in Agent Societies , New York City, 04/07/19-20
World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and
Informatics, Orlando, Florida, USA, 04/07/18-21
Summer Simulation MultiConference (SummerSim'04), San Jose
Hyatt, San Jose, California, 04/07/25-29
- SME 2004 Symposium on Modeling
and Control of Economic Systems , University in Redlands, CA, 04/01/28-31
International Mathematica Symposium (IMS 2004), Banff,
- Fractals and Natural Hazards at
32nd Intl Geological Congress (IGC), Florence, Italy, 04/08/20-28
ICCC 2004, IEEE International Conference on Computational Cybernetics, ,
Vienna, Austria, 04/08/30-09/01
2004, 4th International Workshop on Ant Colony
Optimization and Swarm Intelligence, Brussels, Belgium,
Ontology, An Inquiry into Systems, Emergence, Levels of Reality,
and Forms of Causality, Trento, Italy,
Intl Conf on the Simulation and Synthesis of Living Systems
(ALIFE9), Boston, Massachusetts, 04/09/12-15
Verhulst 200 on Chaos, Brussels, BELGIUM, 04/09/16-18
8th Intl Conf on Parallel Problem Solving from Nature
(PPSN VIII), Birmingham, UK, 04/09/18-22
- XVII Brazilian
Symposium on Artificial Intelligence, Sao Luis, Maranhao -
- TEDMED Conference ,
Charleston SC, 04/10/12-15
Technology Conference, Champaign, Illinois,
- 6th Intl Conf on Electronic Commerce
ICEC'2004: Towards A New Services Landscape, Delft, The Netherlands, 04/10/25-27
- Complexity and Philosophy Workshop - 2-Day Conference , Rio de Janeiro, 04/11
This course is designed to give you a working knowledge of complexity science, and to show how to apply insights from the new science to your life and work, and to world events.
Recognizing the world as one vast interconnected system is essential to understanding the level of complexity in today's global environment.