Informational Warfare, NYTimes
Abstract: Reputations were built and maintained by the
collection, analysis, and dissemination of information about the actions and
capabilities of group members-that is, by gossiping. Strategic gossiping would
have been an excellent strategy for manipulating reputations and thereby
competing effectively for resources and for cooperative relationships with
group members who could best provide such resources. Because, over
evolutionary time, women may have experienced more within-group competition
than men, and because female reputations may have been more vulnerable than
male reputations to gossip, gossiping may have been a more important strategy
for women than men.
A Rising Toll for Bush, NYTimes
Excerpt: The apparent failure of Secretary
Powell's mission has now pushed American diplomacy into the region's most
intractable conflict to a point where the political costs at home are rising
and the diplomatic costs with the Arab world are steep, and where even the
global antiterror campaign could be in jeopardy.
Chávez's Second Chance, NYTimes
Excerpts: The Bush administration's mixed signals
about last weekend's attempted coup in Venezuela - first, as the
administration reports, warning against it, then approving it when it happened
and then backpedaling - have given rise to charges that President Bush not
only waffled but was not sufficiently firm about defending basic democratic
values. (...) demonstrated a clearer resolve to defend legitimately elected
governments. But Venezuela also illustrates how complex and difficult it can
be in Latin America to improve the quality of democratic governance.
U.S. Treatment of War Captives Is Criticized, NYTimes
Excerpt: "In so doing, it has not only violated the
rights of those individuals but threatens to undermine the rule of law
These rights, the report says, include the right to be informed of the
reason for detention, the right to prompt and confidential access to counsel
of one's choice and the presumption of innocence.
The report says the presumption of innocence has been undermined by "a
pattern of public commentary on the presumed guilt of the people" in American
custody in Guantánamo Bay.
Mission Impossible, NYTimes
Excerpt: Mr. Sharon and Mr. Arafat may be
improbable partners for peacemaking, but the administration let the violence
grow into a conflagration before it intervened forcefully. By then even
American influence was no match for the anger and bloodshed. American power
has not been enhanced by the spectacle of Mr. Sharon brazenly ignoring Mr.
Bush's call for an immediate withdrawal. We would like nothing more than to
affirm Mr. Bush's declaration yesterday that Secretary Powell made progress
toward peace, but right now we don't see much reason for optimism.
Machines Are Filling In For Troops, NYTimes
Excerpt: Rapid advances in technology have
brought an array of sensors, vehicles and weapons that can be operated by
remote control or are totally autonomous. Within a decade, those machines will
be able to perform many of the most dangerous, strenuous or boring tasks now
assigned to people, military planners say, paving the way for a fundamental
change in warfare.
Already, autonomous sentinels on the ground, in the air and in orbit are
probing the battlefield with heat detectors, radar, cameras, microphones and