Citation Analysis: The Counting House, Nature
Excerpts: Practitioners of citation analysis rely on
data gathered by the ISI, a company in Philadelphia formerly known as the
Institute for Scientific Information.
(...) often use the ISI's citation data to help them perform such
evaluations. Important papers, the argument goes, will be cited more
frequently. As a general rule, that is a reasonable assumption. But apply it
blindly, without regard to the quality and limitations of the raw data, and
the conclusions you draw may be far from reasonable.
Excerpts: Plans to extend
free access to scientific and academic research papers have received a boost
with the announcement of a $3m grant from financier and philanthropist George
Soros' Open Society Institute. (...)
It calls for "free availability on the public internet, permitting any
users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full
texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to
software, or use them for any other lawful purpose".